Review Article
1. Le Fort Fractures: A Collective Review

Bradley J. Phillips; Lauren M. Turco

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 221-230

Abstract
  Le Fort fractures constitute a pattern of complex facial injury that occurs secondary to blunt facial trauma.  The most common mechanisms of injury for these fractures, which are frequently associated with drug and alcohol use, include motor vehicle collisions, assault, and falls. A thorough search ...  Read More

2. Local Administration of Methylprednisolone Laden Hydrogel Enhances Functional Recovery of Transected Sciatic Nerve in Rat

Ali Mehrshad; Mohammad Shahraki; Shahin Ehteshamfar

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 231-239

Abstract
  Objective: To determine the effects of methylprednisolone-laden hydrogel loaded into a chitosan conduit on the functional recovery of peripheral nerve using a rat sciatic nerve regeneration model was assessed.Methods: 10-mm sciatic nerve defect was bridged using a chitosan conduit (CHIT/CGP-Hydrogel) ...  Read More

3. Effects of Chitosan-Zinc Oxide Nanocomposite Conduit on Transected Sciatic Nerve: An Animal Model Study

Maryam Iman; Mostafa Araghi; Yunes Panahi; Rahim Mohammadi

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 240-248

Abstract
  Objective: To determine the effects of chitosan-zinc oxide nanocomposite conduit on transected sciatic nerve in animal model of rat.Methods: Sixty male White Wistar rats were used in this study. A 10-mm sciatic nerve defect was bridged using a chitosan-zinc oxide nanocomposite conduit (CZON) filled with ...  Read More

4. Grafting with Cryopreserved Amniotic Membrane versus Conservative Wound Care in Treatment of Pressure Ulcers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Mehdi Dehghani; Negar Azarpira; Vahid Mohammad Karimi; Hamid Mossayebi; Elaheh Esfandiari

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 249-258

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the healing process of pressure ulcers treated with cryopreserved human amniotic membrane allograft and routine pressure ulcer care in our hospital.Methods: From January 2012 to December 2013, in a prospective randomized clinical trial (IRCT201612041335N2), 24 patients with second ...  Read More

5. Outcome of Long Standing Ulno-Humeral Dislocation Managed by Open Reduction and Stabilization with V-Y Plasty; A Single Center Experience

Vikram Khanna; Ashish Gupta; Sanjeev Kumar

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 259-265

Abstract
  Objective: To assess the outcome long standing ulno-humeral dislocation managed by open reduction and stabilization with V-Y plasty.Methods: This cross-sections study included 14 patients with elbow dislocation that was more than 3 months without joint ankylosis, myositis ossificans or nerve injury. ...  Read More

6. Functional Outcome of Resection versus Reconstruction in Mason II-III Radial Head Fractures; A Short-Term Prospective Study

Pradeep Kumar Meena; Sahil Gaba; Sandesh Bobade; Rajendra Verma; Amrut Borade; Jayesh Sonaje; Ankit Chouhan

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 266-272

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the short-term functional outcome between resection and reconstruction in Mason Type II and Type III radial head fractures using Broberg and Morrey score.Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery of SMS Medical College and attached ...  Read More

7. Epidemiology and Outcome Determinants of Pedestrian Injuries in a Level I Trauma Center in Southern Iran; A Cross-Sectional Study

Haleh Ghaem; Maryam Soltani; Mahnaz Yadollahi; Tanaz Valad Beigi; Atousa Fakherpour

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 273-279

Abstract
  Objective: To epidemiologically assess the accidents and incidents in the injured pedestrians referred to Shahid Rajaee Hospital, Shiraz in order to provide basic preventive strategies and reduce injuries and fatalities caused by traffic accidents in pedestrians.Methods: This cross-sectional study was ...  Read More

8. Domestic Injuries among Children Under 7 Years of Age in Iran; The Baseline Results from the Iranian First Registry

Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani; Mina Goletsani; Reza Mohammadi

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 280-284

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate epidemiological aspects of injuries among Iranian children under 7 years of age using obtained data from a national registry.Methods: Injury data were derived from a national-based injury supervision system during 2000–2002. This registry involved all of home-related injuries ...  Read More

9. The Belief and Attitude of the Drivers toward the Usage of Cellphone while Driving; A Population-Based Survey

Batoul Sedaghati Shokri; Seyed Rasoul Davoodi; Majid Azimmohseni; Gholamreza Khoshfar

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 285-291

Abstract
  Objective: To presents a survey investigating differences between drivers' beliefs regarding utilizing cellphone when driving.Methods: In this population-based survey, the participants who were studied in the North of Iran, Gorgan, were categorized as main urban and rural areas. A sample of 400 drivers, ...  Read More

10. Does Intradisciplinary Conflict Influence to Outcomes of Emergency Medicine Residency Program? A Mixed Methods Study

Mohammadreza Maleki; Seyyed Meysam Mousavi; Mina Anjomshoa; Nasrin Shaarbafchizadeh; Zeinab Naimi Taleghani

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 292-298

Abstract
  Objective: To explore impact of emergency medicine residency program on patient waiting times in emergency department (ED) and determine the associated factors.Methods: A two-phased sequential exploratory mixed-methods approach was used. The first phase was comprised of retrospective before-after design ...  Read More

11. Factors Affecting the Location of Road Emergency Bases in Iran Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP)

Mohammad Karim Bahadori; Ahmad Hajebrahimi; Khalil Alimohammadzadeh; Ramin Ravangard; Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 299-302

Abstract
  Objective: To identify and prioritize factors affecting the location of road emergency bases in Iran using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP).Methods: This was a mixed method (quantitative-qualitative) study conducted in 2016. The participants in this study included the professionals and experts in the ...  Read More

Case Report
12. Endovascular Management of a Penetrating Zone III Retroperitoneal Gunshot Wound Injury; A Case Report

Saptarshi Biswas; Boris Hristov

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 303-306

Abstract
  Traumatic iliac vessels injuries secondary to gunshot wound can often be fatal at the scene. One of the intriguing complications of vascular injuries is arteriovenous fistula. If the patient survives, these lesions may often not be diagnosed on first evaluation and patients may present with clinical ...  Read More

Case Report
13. Isolated Traumatic Brachialis Muscle Tear: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Pankaj Sharma; Nishank Mehta; Amit Narayan

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 307-310

Abstract
  Isolated traumatic brachialis muscle tears are uncommonly reported – leading to occasional misdiagnosis and misdirected treatment. The rarity of brachialis muscle tear may promote misdiagnosis or mistreatment of this injury. We report an isolated brachialis muscle tear in a young female, possibly caused ...  Read More

Case Report
14. Transient Diabetes Insipidus Following Thermal Burn; A Case Report and Literature Review

Suvashis Dash; Shibajyoti Ghosh

Volume 5, Issue 4 , October 2017, Pages 311-313

Abstract
  Diabetes insipidus is a disease charaterised by increased urine production and thrist. Neurogenic diabetes insipidus following head trauma,autoimmune disease and infection is quite common but diabetes insipidus following thermal burn injury is a rare complication.We should know about this complication ...  Read More