Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma (BEAT) is an international, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal coping with original research contributing to the field of emergency medicine and trauma. BEAT is the official journal of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) aiming to be a publication of international repute that serves as a medium for dissemination and exchange of scientific knowledge in all aspects of emergency medicine and trauma. The aim of BEAT is to publish all aspects of emergency medicine and trauma peer-reviewed articles of current international interest in the form of original articles, brief communications, reviews, case reports, clinical images, and letters.

 

Original Article
Death Trends and Years of Life Lost Due to Social Harms Such as Suicide, Homicide, and Addiction, Ilam Province, 2009-2019

Zahra Jalilian; Fathola Mohamadian; Yousef Veisani; Sasan Ahmadi

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 167-172

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to investigate the death trend and years of life lost (YLL) caused by social harmin Ilam province.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Ilam province from 2009 to 2019. To estimate YLL, alldeaths caused by suicide, homicide, and addiction were included in the ...  Read More

Original Article
Evaluation of Various Fixation Methods in Acute Scapholunate Dissociation, A Finite Element Study

Mohammad Amin Mahdiyar; Mohammad Taghi Karimi; Hamid Namazi; Hussein Malekjamshidi

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 173-177

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the outcomes of fixing scapholunate with pins and screws in parallel,convergent, and divergent orientations.Methods: In this computer simulation study, the CT scan images of a healthy subject wereused to construct a 3D model of the wrist joint using MIMICS software. ...  Read More

Original Article
Investigating the Rate and Affecting Factors of Unnecessary Cervical Collar Use in Trauma Patients

Seyed Mohammad Hosseini Kasnavieh; Kehan Koukli; Mohamad Veisi; Mohammad Amerzadeh; Hossein Hosseinifar; Ali Tahmasebi

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 178-183

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to investigate the necessity of cervical collars in patients with neck problems.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 114 patients who were admitted to the Haft Tir andRasoul Akram Hospitals (Tehran, Iran) from August to September 2022. The Nexus protocol was ...  Read More

Original Article
The Association between Occupational Burnout and Spiritual Wellbeing in Emergency Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study

Hedayat Jafari; Rahmatollah Marzband; Mahsa Kamali; Mahmood Moosazadeh; Pooyan Ghorbani Vajargah; Samad Karkhah; Joseph Osuji; Behzad Davaribina

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 184-189

Abstract
  Objective: This study evaluated the occupational burnout (OB) and spiritual well-being (SWB) of emergencynurses as well as the associations between these variables.Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in six hospitals and emergency medical centers affiliated withArdebil University of Medical ...  Read More

Original Article
Demographics, Radiological Findings, and Predictors of Prolonged Hospitalization in Civilian Gunshot Wound Patients

Seyed Hadi Aghili; Arshia Zardoui; Mehri Farhang Ranjbar; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 190-195

Abstract
  Objective: This study aims to characterize the demographic, clinical, and radiological features of gunshotwound (GSW) patients as well as identify predictors of prolonged hospitalization.Methods: In this retrospective study, a consecutive sampling method was used, including all patients withGSWs in any ...  Read More

Case Report
Surgical Decompression of Thoracic Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament through Posterior Approach: A Case Report

Majid Reza Farrokhi; Seyed Reza Mousavi; Mohammad Reza Tamjidi; Saeed Tayebi Khorami; Abbas Khosravi farsani; Jaloliddin Mavlonov; Hamid Jangi Aghdam; Armin Akbarzadeh

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 196-199

Abstract
  Thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a rare condition that is mainlyaccompanied by cervical OPLL or ossification of thoracic ligamentum flavum. In case of causing neurologicalmanifestations, it is preferred to treat the condition surgically. Several surgical procedures ...  Read More

Letter to the Editor
A Historical Perspective on Diagnosing Death in Persian Medicine

Mojtaba Heydari; Behnam Dalfardi; Mahdie Hajimonfarednejad; Mohammad Hashem Hashempur

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 200-201

Abstract
  This paper offers a historical exploration of how death was diagnosed in Persian medicine, highlighting the evolution of diagnostic criteria and the contributions of key scholars. In the post-medieval era, defining death and establishing diagnostic criteria underwent significant development, albeit with ...  Read More

Letter to the Editor
Health Stewardship in Polar Regions: A Gateway to Establish Emergency Medicine in Extreme Environment

Hossein Akbarialiabad; Rowena Christiansen; Mohsen Farjoud Kouhanjani; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh; Mohammad Hossein Taghrir

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, Pages 202-203

Abstract
  In a rapidly changing environment, healthcare systems in polar regions face increasing pressures imposed by climate change, burgeoning tourism, and potential ramifications for future space exploration. The urgency to reevaluate health stewardship and governance in these areas is driven by unique challenges, ...  Read More

Conservative Management of Postpartum HELLP Syndrome and Intraparenchymal Liver Hematoma; A Case Report

Manouchehr Ghorbanpour; Hamid Reza Makarchian; Babak Yousefi; Mehrdad Taghipour

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, , Pages 196-198

Abstract
  The HELLP syndrome is an important variant of pre-eclampsia which is known by triad of hemolysis (H), elevated liver enzymes (EL) and low platelet count (LP). Intraparenchymal liver hematoma is a rare and important complication of HELLP syndrome which is a life threatening condition. The incidence of ...  Read More

Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Hospital Incident Command System; Findings from a Systematic Review

Paria Bahrami; Ali Ardalan; Amir Nejati; Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh; Arezoo Yari

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, , Pages 62-76

Abstract
  Objective: To examine all aspects affecting the functioning of the system and the most important factors in its assessment through a systematic review during 1990 to 2017. Methods: This systematic review of the current literature study was conducted during July 2017, and all articles, books, guidelines, ...  Read More

The Association between Occupational Burnout and Spiritual Wellbeing in Emergency Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study

Hedayat Jafari; Rahmatollah Marzband; Mahsa Kamali; Mahmood Moosazadeh; Pooyan Ghorbani Vajargah; Samad Karkhah; Joseph Osuji; Behzad Davaribina

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, , Pages 184-189

Abstract
  Objective: This study evaluated the occupational burnout (OB) and spiritual well-being (SWB) of emergencynurses as well as the associations between these variables.Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in six hospitals and emergency medical centers affiliated withArdebil University of Medical ...  Read More

Drug Related Hospital Admissions; A Systematic Review of the Recent Literatures

Mohammed Biset Ayalew; Henok Getachew Tegegn; Ousman Abdela

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, , Pages 339-346

Abstract
  Objective: To derive findings from different studies done on drug related hospital admissions and comprehensively express the incidence and preventability of drug related hospital admissions; identify the common types of drug related problems that caused hospital admission, and identify factors associated ...  Read More

A Historical Perspective on Diagnosing Death in Persian Medicine

Mojtaba Heydari; Behnam Dalfardi; Mahdie Hajimonfarednejad; Mohammad Hashem Hashempur

Volume 11, Issue 4 , October 2023, , Pages 200-201

Abstract
  This paper offers a historical exploration of how death was diagnosed in Persian medicine, highlighting the evolution of diagnostic criteria and the contributions of key scholars. In the post-medieval era, defining death and establishing diagnostic criteria underwent significant development, albeit with ...  Read More

Original Article
Effect of Intranasal Remifentanil versus Lidocaine on Facilitation of Laryngeal Mask Airway Insertion and Cardiovascular Response: A Double-blind Clinical Trial Study

Hamidreza Shetabi; hossein Mahjoubipour; mona bahmani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 05 January 2024

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to assess and compare the effects of intranasal administration of lidocaine andremifentanil on the condition of LMA insertion and cardiovascular response.Methods: From March 2019 to March 2020, this double-blind randomized clinical trial study was conductedon 60 patients, ...  Read More

Original Article
Ten-year Causes of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis in Patients Referred to Ghaem Hospital during the Years 2009 to 2019

Mahdi Foroughian; Elham Pishbin; Maryam Ziyaei; elnaz vafadar moradi; Mohsen Foroughipour; Rahim Javadzadeh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 January 2024

Abstract
  Introduction: Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis (CVST), as a complex and infrequent cerebrovascular disorder of clots formation within the cerebral venous sinuses, is happening due to multifaceted risk factors and casualties that their epidemiological picture should be investigated. Methods: This descriptive ...  Read More

Original Article
Surgical treatment vs. Conservative management of Splenic Rupture: Outcomes and Risk factors

Reza Eshraghi; Sina Shamsi; Masoumeh safaee

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 January 2024

Abstract
  Backgrounds and aims: Considering the immunological function of the spleen, the complications, and the risk of infections and thrombocytosis following splenectomy, today's efforts are more towards preserving the spleen instead of splenectomy in splenic injury. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome ...  Read More

Original Article
Pattern of Traumatic Injuries in Patients with Tramadol Poisoning: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Seyed Mostafa Mirakbari; Amir Mohammad Kazemifar; Abbas Allami; Ameneh Barikani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 January 2024

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to investigate the incidence and pattern of seizures and injuries induced by tramadol in patients admitted to the hospital.Materials and methods: The cross-sectional study included 300 patients with alleged tramadol poisoning. Data on demographics, tramadol dosage and duration ...  Read More

Original Article
Demographic Assessment of Burn Injuries in Iranian Patients

Azadeh Memarian; Mehran Kouchek; kamran Aghakhani; Mostafa Dahmardehei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 February 2024

Abstract
  Objective:This study aimed to evaluate the demographic features as well as types of burns in burn patients at the emergency room. Methods:In this cross-sectional study, all burn patients referred to Shahid Motahari Hospital in Tehran, Iran were included. Then, data regarding the accident including the ...  Read More

Original Article
An Epidemiological Investigation on Patients with Non-traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage during 2010 to 2020

sayed reza ahmadi; Maliheh Ziaee; Humain Baharvahdat; Zahra Ahmadi; Morteza Talebi delouee; Behrange Rezvani Kakhki; Mohammad Salehi kareshk; elnaz vafadar moradi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 January 2024

Abstract
  Objective: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is still considered a life-threatening medical condition with a significant mortality rate, particularly in developing countries. Thus, the present study was aimed at exploring the angiographic findings of non-traumatic or spontaneous SAH.Method: This was a retrospective ...  Read More

Case Report
A Novel Skin Incision for Posterior Fossa Midline and Paramedian Lesions; A Technical Note and Case Series

Mohammad Sadegh Masoudi; Sina Zoghi; Adrina Habibzadeh; Reza Taheri; Ali Ansari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 January 2024

Abstract
  Approaching posterior fossa pathologies is fairly challenging. Poor exposure, Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) leak following surgery, post-operative suboccipital and neck pain, and wound healing are common challenges following traditional suboccipital midline incision. Herein, we present a new incision for ...  Read More

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