BEAT: Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma is an international, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal coping with original research contributing to the field of emergency medicine and trauma. BEAT is the official journal of the Trauma Research Center (TRC) of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) with cooperation of Hungarian Trauma Society, Lusitanian Association for Trauma and Emergency Surgery (ALTEC/LATES) and Serbian Trauma Association aiming to be a publication of international repute that serves as a medium for dissemination and exchange of scientific knowledge in the emergency medicine and trauma. The aim of BEAT is to publish original research focusing on practicing and training of emergency medicine and trauma to publish peer-reviewed articles of current international interest in the form of original articles, brief communications, reviews, case reports, clinical images, and letters.

 

From May 1st , 2020 all submitted manuscripts to Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma (BEAT) would be subjected to Article Processing Charges (APC). Read the Publication Fee section for more information.

 

COVID-19: Call for papers

Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma (BEAT), is seeking articles that address the facing challenges of COVID-19. We welcome all the papers that address the emergency department challenges in the current pandemic of COVID-19 such as managing volume and flow, isolation, health care worker protection and well-being, surge capacity, knowledge and attitude of personnel and the case series of the patients. These articles could be submitted in review, original, brief report and case report formats. For more information please refer to the Guide for Authors. It should be emphasized that all the articles submitted regarding the COVID-19 are offered a fast track peer-review and the decision will be made in 14 days. Please do not submit case series, small site studies duplicating what is already known on this topic. Submit your article today.

 

Review Article
2. Distal Locked versus Unlocked Intramedullary Nailing in Intertrochanteric Fracture; A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized and Non-Randomized Trials

Dushyant Chouhan; Sanjay Meena; Kulbhushan Kamboj; Mukesh Meena; Amit Narang; Siddhartha Sinha

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 56-61

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the outcome of distal locked and unlocked intramedullary nailing in patients with intertrochanteric fractures through systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized clinical trials.  Methods: Randomized or non-randomized controlled studies comparing the ...  Read More

Review Article
3. Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Hospital Incident Command System; Findings from a Systematic Review

Paria Bahrami; Ali Ardalan; Amir Nejati; Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh; Arezoo Yari

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 62-76

Abstract
  Objective: To examine all aspects affecting the functioning of the system and the most important factors in its assessment through a systematic review during 1990 to 2017. Methods: This systematic review of the current literature study was conducted during July 2017, and all articles, books, guidelines, ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Comparison of Intravenous Regional Anesthesia with Single-Cuff Forearm Tourniquet and Hematoma Block and Traditional Method in Patients with Distal Radius Fractures; A Randomized Clinical Trial

Arash Farbood; Saeed Khademi; Ramin Tajvidi; Minoo Hooshangi; Saeed Salari; Mandana Ghani; Sakineh Tahmasebi; Hamid Jamali

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 77-82

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the effect of intravenous regional anesthesia with single-cuff forearm tourniquet and hematoma block on intraoperative and postoperative pain intensity of patients with distal radial bone fracture. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a total number of 52 patients with ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Relationship between End-Tidal CO2 (ETCO2) and Lactate and their Role in Predicting Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill Trauma Patients; A Cohort Study

Elham Safari; Mehdi Torabi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 83-88

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the relationship between end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) and serum lactate and their predictive role in hospital mortality of intubated multiple trauma patients. Methods: In a cohort study, intubated multiple trauma patients who referred to the emergency department for two years were ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Functional Outcome of Surgical versus Conservative Therapy in Patients with Traumatic Thoracolumbar Fractures and Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score of 4; A Non-randomized Clinical Trial

Mohsen Koosha; Hossein Nayeb Aghaei; Hamid Reza Khayat Kashani; Sepideh Paybast

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 89-97

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the effectiveness of surgical intervention to conservative treatment in patients with thoracolumbar fracture and thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) of 4. Methods: Twenty-five patients with TLICS 4 were enrolled in this non-randomized clinical trial. Based ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Developing Pedestrians’ Red-light Violation Behavior Questionnaire (PRVBQ); Assessment of Content Validity and Reliability

Mahdi Moshki; Abdoljavad Khajavi; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani; Shahram Vahedi; Saeid Pour-Doulati

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 98-106

Abstract
  Objective: To develop a self-completion pedestrians’ red-light violation behavior questionnaire (PRVBQ) based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and assess the content validity and reliability. Methods: This study was conducted in three phases of (i) PRVBQ development study; (ii) Content validity ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Higher Risk of Mortality in Intentional Traumatic Injuries; A Multivariate Regression Analysis of a Trauma Registry

Sait Saif; Yahya Ibrahim; Peyman Bakhshayesh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 107-110

Abstract
  Objectives: To assess whether intentional traumatic injuries are associated with higher mortality rate when compared to unintentional injuries. Methods: Data from SweTrau (Swedish National Trauma Registry). Information regarding age, gender, injury severity score (ISS), new injury severity score (NISS), ...  Read More

Original Article
9. Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination and History Taking in Traumatic Rib Fracture; A Single Center Experience

Navid Kalani; Seyed Reza Habibzade; Roya Ghahremaninezhad; Ayoub Tavakolian; Naser Hatami; Saeed Barazandeh pour; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 111-114

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of history taking and physical examination in the patients with traumatic rib fractures. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, all patients with multiple traumas who referred to the emergency department were evaluated for the mechanism of injury, chief complaints, ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Accuracy of the Emergency Department Triage System using the Emergency Severity Index for Predicting Patient Outcome; A Single Center Experience

Raheleh Ganjali; Reza Golmakani; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Saeid Eslami; Ehsan Bolvardi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 115-120

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of the five-level triage system using the emergency severity index (ESI) and to determine the compliance of the triage level with patient outcomes. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which was performed in the emergency department of Imam Reza Hospital of Mashhad ...  Read More

Brief Communication
11. The Role of Lung Ultrasonography in Etiologic Diagnosis of Acute Dyspnea in a Resource Limited Setting

Nguyen Nguyen The Phung; Trang Thi Thanh Vo; Kam Lun Ellis Hon

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 121-124

Abstract
  The aim of the current study was to describe lung ultrasonography (LUS) characteristics and to evaluate the agreement between LUS and chest radiography (CXR) in diagnosis of four conditions causing most acute dyspnea in children, namely, pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax and acute pulmonary edema ...  Read More

Case Report
12. Isolated, Closed Superficial Femoral Artery Rupture without Fracture Following Blunt Trauma; A Case Report and Literature Review

Deepak Kumar; Praveen Sodavarapu

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 125-128

Abstract
  Injury to the femoral artery usually occurs either in open penetrating injuries or in association with fractures, but is unlikely with closed blunt trauma without fracture. We reported a 24-year-old female with a right-sided closed complete rupture of the superficial femoral artery without any bone injury ...  Read More

Case Report
13. Blunt Trauma to the Neck Presenting as Dysphonia and Dysphagia in a Healthy Young Woman; A Rare Case of Traumatic Laryngocele

Saptarshi Biswas; Manick Saran

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 129-131

Abstract
  Laryngocele is not a common clinical entity that presents itself in a trauma setting. In the literature, there are currently two types of laryngocele, internal and mixed. Laryngocele may be congenital or acquired, and most often will present later in life. Traumatic laryngocele has only been reported ...  Read More

2. Identification and Prioritization of Key Components Influencing Prehospital Emergency Related to Preventable Road Traffic Injuries Deaths in Iran; A Delphi Study

Adel Efftekhari; Abbas Ali Dehghani Tafti; Khadijeh Nasiriani; Majid Hajimaghsoudi; Hossein Fallahzadeh; Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, , Pages 381-389

Abstract
  Objective: To identify and prioritize the key Components of prehospital emergency system to prevent mortality in road traffic injuries. Methods: A total of 25 emergency medicine practitioners, emergency ward nurses, and managers of prehospital emergency centers participated in this adjusted Delphi study ...  Read More

3. Drug Related Hospital Admissions; A Systematic Review of the Recent Literatures

Mohammed Biset Ayalew; Henok Getachew Tegegn; Ousman Abdela

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, , Pages 339-346

Abstract
  Objective: To derive findings from different studies done on drug related hospital admissions and comprehensively express the incidence and preventability of drug related hospital admissions; identify the common types of drug related problems that caused hospital admission, and identify factors associated ...  Read More

4. Five-Year Forecasting Deaths Caused by Traffic Accidents in Fars Province of Iran

Mahnaz Yadollahi; Saeid Gholamzadeh

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, , Pages 373-380

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of study was to conduct a time-based analysis to utilize the obtained knowledge for forecasting the trend of accidents in the future. Methods: The present study, which was conducted as a cross-sectional research, investigated deaths from traffic accidents in Fars Province during a ...  Read More

5. Evaluation of the Effect of Titatnium Dioxide Nanoparticles/Gelatin Composite on Infected Skin Wound Healing; An Animal Model Study

Amin Nikpasand; mohammad reza parvizi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, , Pages 366-372

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate effects of titanium dioxide /gelatin nanocomposite on wound healing in mice as a model study. Methods: Fifty male rats were randomized into five groups of ten animals each. In group I, 0.1 mL sterile saline 0.9% solution was added to the wounds with no infection.  In group ...  Read More

Original Article
1. Real-Time Visual Feedback Device Improves Quality Of Chest Compressions; A Manikin Study

Joao Augusto; Miguel Santos; Daniel Faria; Paulo Alves; David Roque; Jose; Morais; Victor Gil; Carlos Morais

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 April 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the impact of a real-time visual feedback device on CCs rate and depth delivered by healthcare professionals.Methods: In a simulated scenario a sensor was placed on a manikin’s chest and connected to a defibrillator which provided real-time visual feedback on the ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Evaluation of Beneficial Influence of Local Application of Crocus Pallasii Subsp. Haussknechtii Boiss. Extract on Healing of Full Thickness Excisional Infected Wounds in Diabetic Rats

Mohammad Ali Ashja Zadeh; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Amir Ahmad Salarian; Seyyed Reza Abtahi; Alireza Jahandideh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 May 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the wound healing activity of Crocus pallasii subsp. haussknechtii boiss leaves extract on infected wounds in diabetic rats. Methods: Fifty male diabetic rats were randomized into two sets of 25 animals each. Each group was sub divided into five groups of five animals, each for ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Comprehensive Analysis of Pediatric Supracondylar Fractures in the Emergency Department; A Single Center Experience

Jose Ramon Auso-Perez; Gloria Maria Rodríguez-Blanes

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 May 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To describe the demographic characteristics and to assess possible risk factors related to the moment of presentation at Emergency Department (ED) for pediatric humeral supracondylar fractures. Methods: This was cross-sectional study being conducted during 5-year period from 2013 to 2017 ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Prognosis of the Trauma Patients According to the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS); A Diagnostic Accuracy Study

Reza Hosseinpour; Amir Barghi; Saadat Mehrabi; Shirvan Salaminia; Paria Tobeh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 May 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the prognosis and survival rates of a group of Iranian patients with traumatic injuries using the trauma and injury severity score (TRISS) model. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, all the patients with multi-trauma referring to the Yasuj Shahid Beheshti hospital during ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Utilization of the Parenteral Morphine in Emergency Department using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification/Defined Daily Doses (ATC/DDD) System

Farzad Bozorgi; Ebrahim Salehifar; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Siavash Moradi; Ghazaleh Janbazi; Aroona Chabra

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 June 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the utilization of the parenteral morphine in Emergency Department (ED) using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification/Defined Daily Doses (ATC/DDD) system. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, morphine administration was recorded in 4-year time period ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Association between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Driving Behaviors among Iranian Motorcyclists

Ali Akbary; Seyed Taghi Heydari; Yaser Sarikhani; Mehrdad Vossoughi; Reza Tabrizi; Maryam Akbari; Najmeh Movahhedian; Arash Mani; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani; Tahereh Ostovar; Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) score and driving behaviors among motorcycle drivers in Iran. Methods: This multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted on 1747 motorcyclists in three cities of Iran. We used a random sampling method ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Effects of Foot Massage on Pain Severity during Change Position in Critically Ill Trauma Patients; A Randomized Clinical Trial

Khodayar Oshvandi; Zahra Veladati; Marzieh Mahmoodi; Farshid Rahimi Bashar; Azim azizi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 July 2020

Abstract
    Objective: To determine the effects of foot massage on pain severity during in unconscious trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: In this randomized clinical trial (RCT), 80 unconscious trauma patients admitted in the ICU of a hospital in an urban area of Iran were ...  Read More

Original Article
8. “Crown of Death”; Corona Mortis, a Common Vascular Variant in Pelvis: Identification at Routine 64-slice CT-Angiography

Rohit Bhoil; Neeti Aggarwal; Vineet Aggarwal; Mukesh Surya; Sanjiv Sharma; Ajay Kumar Alhuwalia; Sabina Bhoil; Surya Pratap Singh; Manveer Thakur; Siddharth Sood

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 July 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To establish the incidence of arterial corona mortis variant in angiographic studies being performed using a 64 slice CT scan machine in a series of patients.Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study including 100 consecutive patients undergoing routineclinically indicated, ...  Read More

Case Report
9. Isolated Pancreatic Tail Injury in Paediatrics; A Case Report and Literature Review

Nabil Muhammad Al Kuddoos; Ahmad Khaldun Ismail; Kevin Wong Chuing Shen; Nur Amirah Shibraumalisi; Asmil Yuzairi Yunus

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 April 2020

Abstract
  Pancreatic injury in paediatrics is a rare condition and can be difficult to diagnose. The diagnostic challenge is due to its symptom of vague abdominal pain which usually results in late presentation. Elevated biochemical markers such as amylase and lipase can aid in the evaluation of pancreatic injury, ...  Read More

Case Report
10. Broken Knife Blade Completely Penetrating the Humerus: A Case Report and Literature Review

Mauricio Gonzalez-Urquijo; Mario Zambrano Lara

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 16 June 2020

Abstract
  We present a case of a 23-year-old male patient who presented with a blade knife completely wedged and penetrated on his humerus after a stab wound to his left upper extremity. On palpation, a foreign body was palpated under the skin on the deltoid area. The blade was stuck in the bone, so the surrounding ...  Read More

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