BEAT: Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma is an international, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal coping with original research contributing to the field of emergency medicine and trauma. BEAT is the official journal of the Trauma Research Center (TRC) of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) with cooperation of Hungarian Trauma Society, Lusitanian Association for Trauma and Emergency Surgery (ALTEC/LATES) and Serbian Trauma Association aiming to be a publication of international repute that serves as a medium for dissemination and exchange of scientific knowledge in the emergency medicine and trauma. The aim of BEAT is to publish original research focusing on practicing and training of emergency medicine and trauma to publish peer-reviewed articles of current international interest in the form of original articles, brief communications, reviews, case reports, clinical images, and letters.



COVID-19: Call for papers

Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma (BEAT), is seeking articles that address the facing challenges of COVID-19. We welcome all the papers that address the emergency department challenges in the current pandemic of COVID-19 such as managing volume and flow, isolation, health care worker protection and well-being, surge capacity, knowledge and attitude of personnel and the case series of the patients. These articles could be submitted in review, original, brief report and case report formats. For more information please refer to the Guide for Authors. It should be emphasized that all the articles submitted regarding the COVID-19 are offered a fast track peer-review and the decision will be made in 14 days. Please do not submit case series, small site studies duplicating what is already known on this topic. Submit your article today.


Review Article
1. Cost-Effectiveness of Multifactorial Interventions in Preventing Falls among Elderly Population: A Systematic Review

Vahid Alipour; Saber Azami-Aghdash; Aziz Rezapour; Naser Derakhshani; Akbar Ghiasi; Neghar Yusefzadeh; Sanaz Taghizade; Sahar Amuzadeh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 159-168

  Objective: To review the cost-effectiveness of multifactorial interventions preventing falls in elderly people. Methods: In this systematic review, the databases including PubMed via MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar (from 1st January 2000 to 30th February) ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Quality of Life after Motorcycle Traffic Injuries: A Cohort Study in Northwest of Iran

Leili Abedi Gheshlaghi; Hamid sharifi; Mehdi Noroozi; Mohsen Barouni; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 169-177

  Objective: To investigate the quality of life (QOL) of injured motorcyclists and associated factors in a period of three months after the accident. Methods: In the present study, we were included 190 injured motorcyclists who admitted to two referral specialized hospitals (Emam Reza and Shohada) in Tabriz, ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Characteristics and In-Hospital Outcomes of Pediatric Traumatic Spinal Injuries in A Referral Trauma Center

Hamid Rezaei; Ehsan Keykhosravi; Amin Tavallaii

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 178-182

  Objective: To evaluate the characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of traumatic spinal injuries among children admitted to a local trauma center in Iran. Methods: Patients aged 0-18 years who had been admitted to Shahid Kamyab trauma center for acute traumatic spinal injury (Mashhad, Iran) between 2011 ...  Read More

Original Article
4. S100 Calcium-Binding Protein B and Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Patients with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Ali Meshkini; Amir Ghorbani; Zahra Hasanpour Segherlou; Masoud Nouri-Vaskeh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 183-187

  Objective: To examine the GFAP and S100B ability in prevention unnecessary brain CT scan in mTBI and compare them with the single extremity fracture in orthopedic patients. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, two orthopedics patients’ groups and mTBI patients were studied to assess the biomarkers’ ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Prospective Observational Study of Early Tracheostomy Role in Operated Severe Head Injury Patients at A Level 1 Trauma Center

Rohit Bharti; Sindhu Sapru; Ponraj Kamatchi Sundaram; Ganesh Chauhan

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 188-194

  Objective: To evaluate the impact of the early tracheostomy on operated patients with severe head injury. Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted at a level 1 trauma center and medical college over one-year period. The study included all surgically managed severe head injury patients ...  Read More

Original Article
6. The Epidemiology of Chemical Burns Among the Patients Referred to Burn Centers in Shiraz, Southern Iran, 2008–2018

Hosein Abbasi; Ali Dehghani; Ali Akbar Mohammadi; Tayyeb Ghadimi; Abdolkhalegh Keshavarzi

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 195-200

  Objective: To investigate the prevalence of chemical burns among the patients admitted to Shiraz burn treatment centers. Methods: It is a descriptive study that was conducted on 62 patients with chemical burns who were admitted between 2008 and 2018. The patients’ records were used in the research ...  Read More

Case Report
7. Term Spontaneous Heterotopic Pregnancy (Abdominal and Intrauterine): A Case Report

Mozhde Momtahan; Maryam Kasraeean; Azam Faraji; shaghayegh Moradi Alamdarloo; Mina Moosaie

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 201-203

  Spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy is a potentially life-threatening condition rarely considered when a patient with an intrauterine pregnancy is asymptomatic or presents with complaints such as abdominal pain. An advanced abdominal pregnancy is even more unusual as the form of the ectopic component ...  Read More

Letter to the Editor
8. Sanctions or National Policies in COVID-19 Management in Iran: Which One is More Effective?!

Mahmoudreza Peyravi; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 204-205

  The new corona disease (COVID-19) is very contagious and features a high risk of vast outbreak and infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global public health emergency condition on 30 January 2020 and a universal epidemic afterwards by given its rapid epidemic worldwide (1). Iran ...  Read More

1. Conservative Management of Postpartum HELLP Syndrome and Intraparenchymal Liver Hematoma; A Case Report

Manouchehr Ghorbanpour; Hamid Reza Makarchian; Babak Yousefi; Mehrdad Taghipour

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, , Pages 196-198

  The HELLP syndrome is an important variant of pre-eclampsia which is known by triad of hemolysis (H), elevated liver enzymes (EL) and low platelet count (LP). Intraparenchymal liver hematoma is a rare and important complication of HELLP syndrome which is a life threatening condition. The incidence of ...  Read More

3. Drug Related Hospital Admissions; A Systematic Review of the Recent Literatures

Mohammed Biset Ayalew; Henok Getachew Tegegn; Ousman Abdela

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, , Pages 339-346

  Objective: To derive findings from different studies done on drug related hospital admissions and comprehensively express the incidence and preventability of drug related hospital admissions; identify the common types of drug related problems that caused hospital admission, and identify factors associated ...  Read More

4. Identification and Prioritization of Key Components Influencing Prehospital Emergency Related to Preventable Road Traffic Injuries Deaths in Iran; A Delphi Study

Adel Efftekhari; Abbas Ali Dehghani Tafti; Khadijeh Nasiriani; Majid Hajimaghsoudi; Hossein Fallahzadeh; Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, , Pages 381-389

  Objective: To identify and prioritize the key Components of prehospital emergency system to prevent mortality in road traffic injuries. Methods: A total of 25 emergency medicine practitioners, emergency ward nurses, and managers of prehospital emergency centers participated in this adjusted Delphi study ...  Read More

5. Isolated Pancreatic Tail Injury in Paediatrics; A Case Report and Literature Review

Nabil Muhammad Al Kuddoos; Ahmad Khaldun Ismail; Kevin Wong Chuing Shen; Nur Amirah Shibraumalisi; Asmil Yuzairi Yunus

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020, , Pages 249-252

  Pancreatic injury in paediatrics is a rare condition and can be difficult to diagnose. The diagnostic challenge is due to its symptom of vague abdominal pain which usually results in late presentation. Elevated biochemical markers such as amylase and lipase can aid in the evaluation of pancreatic injury, ...  Read More

Review Article
1. Evaluation the Efficiency of Electrical Stimulation Advanced Methods on Management of Bowel and Bladder Functions in Spinal Cord Injury Subject; A Systematic Review of Literature

Abolghasem Fallahzadeh Abarghuei; Mohammad Taghi Karimi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 May 2021

  Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of various methods used for SCI subjects in this regard based on the available literature.Methods: A search was done in some data bases such as Google scholar, ISI web of knowledge, PubMed, and Scopus. Some keywords such as bowel, bladder control and management ...  Read More

Review Article
2. Trauma Registry Data as a Policy-Making Tool: A Systematic Review on the Research Dimensions

Mohammadreza Mobinizadeh; Farzan Berenjian; Efat Mohammadi; Farhad Habibi; Alireza Olyaeemanesh; Kazem Zendedel; Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 22 August 2021

  Objective: To review the research dimensions of trauma registry data on health policy making. Methods: PubMed and EMBASE were searched until July 2020. Keywords were used on the search process included Trauma, Injury, Registry and Research, which were searched by using appropriate search strategies. ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Self-Referred Walk-in (SRW) versus Emergency Medical Services Brought Covid-19 Patients

Navid Kalani; Naser Hatami; Sajed Ali; Neema John Mehramiz; Fatemeh Rahmanian; Esmaeel Raeyat doost; Marzieh Haghbeen; Samaneh Abiri; Mahdi Foroughian; Mohsen Ebrahimi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 18 October 2021

  Objective: To compare the characteristics of the emergency medical services (EMS) brought COVID-19 patients versus self-referred walk-in patients. Methods: This was a Cross-sectional study of COVID-19 infected cases in Jahrom, south of Iran. Age, sex, the symptoms of beginning days’ passing, ...  Read More

Case Report
4. Severe Acute Kidney Injury Secondary to Immunoglobulin Infusion in Life-Threatening Guillain Barre Syndrome

José David D Orquera; Maria Marta Pernasetti; Patricia Ojeda; Griselda Aguero; Daniel Agustin Godoy

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 May 2021

  Immunoglobulin infusion (IVIG) is one of the first line therapy in Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS). Several medical complications are associated with GBS (pneumonia, sepsis, deep vein thrombosis, dysautonomy). Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an uncommon complication during IVIG infusion. Several risk factors ...  Read More

Case Report
5. Gunshot Wounds Causing Distal Arterial Bullet Embolisms

Mauricio Gonzalez-Urquijo; Ernesto Cordoba-Chamorro; Susan Julieth Moreno-Diaz; Gabriel Fernando Mejia-Villate; Mario Alejandro Fabiani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 June 2021

  We report two cases involving small-caliber gunshot wounds to the chest with embolization of the bullet which complete occluding arterial circulation into the left lower extremity. A 30-years-old and 19-years-old men suffered gunshots wound to the thorax and abdomen with subsequent arterial ...  Read More

Case Report
6. Do Avoid Unnecessary Procedure in A Trauma Patient? A Case Report

Mehdi Torabi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 July 2021

  Endotracheal intubation is more commonly performed in the right main bronchus; however, it may rarely be performed in the left side. A 52-years-old man was brought to the emergency department by emergency medical services (EMS) after multiple trauma injury. There was a decrease in the right lung’s ...  Read More

Case Report
7. Traumatic Cervical Vertical Translational Injury: A Case Report

Keyvan Eghbal; Maziar Oveisee; Javad Safaee; Saber Zafar Shamspour; Arash Saffarian; Abbas Rakhsha

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 July 2021

  Traumatic cervical translational injury is a notably rare and highly unstable subtype of type C sub-axial cervical spine injury with high morbidity and mortality rates. Hereby, we report a 41-years-old man who was a case of multiple trauma due to car rollover. He was completely conscious, complaining ...  Read More

Case Report
8. A Case Report: Surgical Removal of Missing Guide Wire, Is it the Best Intervention?

Rahimeh Eskandarian; Abolfazl Abdollahpour; Shahrzad Aghaamoo; Narges Amini; Hoda Zangian; Kamran Ghods

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 August 2021

  Nowadays, the use of central venous catheter insertion (CVC), has abundantly increased. It is a common technique in critically ill patients who are admitted to intensive care and emergency departments in order to hemodynamic monitoring and fluid and medication administration. In this report, ...  Read More

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