Review Article
2. Distal Locked versus Unlocked Intramedullary Nailing in Intertrochanteric Fracture; A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized and Non-Randomized Trials

Dushyant Chouhan; Sanjay Meena; Kulbhushan Kamboj; Mukesh Meena; Amit Narang; Siddhartha Sinha

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 56-61

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the outcome of distal locked and unlocked intramedullary nailing in patients with intertrochanteric fractures through systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized clinical trials.  Methods: Randomized or non-randomized controlled studies comparing the ...  Read More

Review Article
3. Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Hospital Incident Command System; Findings from a Systematic Review

Paria Bahrami; Ali Ardalan; Amir Nejati; Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh; Arezoo Yari

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 62-76

Abstract
  Objective: To examine all aspects affecting the functioning of the system and the most important factors in its assessment through a systematic review during 1990 to 2017. Methods: This systematic review of the current literature study was conducted during July 2017, and all articles, books, guidelines, ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Comparison of Intravenous Regional Anesthesia with Single-Cuff Forearm Tourniquet and Hematoma Block and Traditional Method in Patients with Distal Radius Fractures; A Randomized Clinical Trial

Arash Farbood; Saeed Khademi; Ramin Tajvidi; Minoo Hooshangi; Saeed Salari; Mandana Ghani; Sakineh Tahmasebi; Hamid Jamali

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 77-82

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the effect of intravenous regional anesthesia with single-cuff forearm tourniquet and hematoma block on intraoperative and postoperative pain intensity of patients with distal radial bone fracture. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a total number of 52 patients with ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Relationship between End-Tidal CO2 (ETCO2) and Lactate and their Role in Predicting Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill Trauma Patients; A Cohort Study

Elham Safari; Mehdi Torabi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 83-88

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the relationship between end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) and serum lactate and their predictive role in hospital mortality of intubated multiple trauma patients. Methods: In a cohort study, intubated multiple trauma patients who referred to the emergency department for two years were ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Functional Outcome of Surgical versus Conservative Therapy in Patients with Traumatic Thoracolumbar Fractures and Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score of 4; A Non-randomized Clinical Trial

Mohsen Koosha; Hossein Nayeb Aghaei; Hamid Reza Khayat Kashani; Sepideh Paybast

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 89-97

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the effectiveness of surgical intervention to conservative treatment in patients with thoracolumbar fracture and thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) of 4. Methods: Twenty-five patients with TLICS 4 were enrolled in this non-randomized clinical trial. Based ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Developing Pedestrians’ Red-light Violation Behavior Questionnaire (PRVBQ); Assessment of Content Validity and Reliability

Mahdi Moshki; Abdoljavad Khajavi; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani; Shahram Vahedi; Saeid Pour-Doulati

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 98-106

Abstract
  Objective: To develop a self-completion pedestrians’ red-light violation behavior questionnaire (PRVBQ) based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and assess the content validity and reliability. Methods: This study was conducted in three phases of (i) PRVBQ development study; (ii) Content validity ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Higher Risk of Mortality in Intentional Traumatic Injuries; A Multivariate Regression Analysis of a Trauma Registry

Sait Saif; Yahya Ibrahim; Peyman Bakhshayesh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 107-110

Abstract
  Objectives: To assess whether intentional traumatic injuries are associated with higher mortality rate when compared to unintentional injuries. Methods: Data from SweTrau (Swedish National Trauma Registry). Information regarding age, gender, injury severity score (ISS), new injury severity score (NISS), ...  Read More

Original Article
9. Diagnostic Accuracy of Physical Examination and History Taking in Traumatic Rib Fracture; A Single Center Experience

Navid Kalani; Seyed Reza Habibzade; Roya Ghahremaninezhad; Ayoub Tavakolian; Naser Hatami; Saeed Barazandeh pour; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 111-114

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of history taking and physical examination in the patients with traumatic rib fractures. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, all patients with multiple traumas who referred to the emergency department were evaluated for the mechanism of injury, chief complaints, ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Accuracy of the Emergency Department Triage System using the Emergency Severity Index for Predicting Patient Outcome; A Single Center Experience

Raheleh Ganjali; Reza Golmakani; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Saeid Eslami; Ehsan Bolvardi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 115-120

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of the five-level triage system using the emergency severity index (ESI) and to determine the compliance of the triage level with patient outcomes. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which was performed in the emergency department of Imam Reza Hospital of Mashhad ...  Read More

Brief Communication
11. The Role of Lung Ultrasonography in Etiologic Diagnosis of Acute Dyspnea in a Resource Limited Setting

Nguyen Nguyen The Phung; Trang Thi Thanh Vo; Kam Lun Ellis Hon

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 121-124

Abstract
  The aim of the current study was to describe lung ultrasonography (LUS) characteristics and to evaluate the agreement between LUS and chest radiography (CXR) in diagnosis of four conditions causing most acute dyspnea in children, namely, pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax and acute pulmonary edema ...  Read More

Case Report
12. Isolated, Closed Superficial Femoral Artery Rupture without Fracture Following Blunt Trauma; A Case Report and Literature Review

Deepak Kumar; Praveen Sodavarapu

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 125-128

Abstract
  Injury to the femoral artery usually occurs either in open penetrating injuries or in association with fractures, but is unlikely with closed blunt trauma without fracture. We reported a 24-year-old female with a right-sided closed complete rupture of the superficial femoral artery without any bone injury ...  Read More

Case Report
13. Blunt Trauma to the Neck Presenting as Dysphonia and Dysphagia in a Healthy Young Woman; A Rare Case of Traumatic Laryngocele

Saptarshi Biswas; Manick Saran

Volume 8, Issue 2 , April 2020, Pages 129-131

Abstract
  Laryngocele is not a common clinical entity that presents itself in a trauma setting. In the literature, there are currently two types of laryngocele, internal and mixed. Laryngocele may be congenital or acquired, and most often will present later in life. Traumatic laryngocele has only been reported ...  Read More