Review Article
2. Enhanced Recovery after Emergency Surgery: A Systematic Review

Mihai Paduraru; Luca Ponchietti; Isidro Martinez Casas; Peter Svenningsen; Mauro Zago

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 70-78

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the current scientific evidence for the applicability, safety and effectiveness of pathways of enhanced recovery after emergency surgery (ERAS).Methods: We undertook a search using PubMed and Cochrane databases for ERAS protocols in emergency cases. The search generated 65 titles; ...  Read More

Review Article
3. A Step-by-Step Framework on Discrete Events Simulation in Emergency Department; A Systematic Review

Mahsa Dehghani; Nazila Moftian; Peyman Rezaei-hachesu; Taha Samad-soltani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 79-89

Abstract
  Objective: To systematically review the current literature of simulation in healthcare including the structured steps in the emergency healthcare sector by proposing a framework for simulation in the emergency department.Methods: For the purpose of collecting the data, PubMed and ACM databases were used ...  Read More

Review Article
4. The Necessity of Data Mining in Clinical Emergency Medicine; A Narrative Review of the Current Literatrue

Elahe Parva; Reza Boostani; Zahra Ghahramani; Shahram Paydar

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 90-95

Abstract
  Clinical databases can be categorized as big data, include large quantities of information about patients and their medical conditions. Analyzing the quantitative and qualitative clinical data in addition with discovering relationships among huge number of samples using data mining techniques could unveil ...  Read More

5. Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field with Predatory Stress on Functional and Histological Index of Injured-Sciatic Nerve in Rat

Maryam Tasbih-Forosh; Leila Zarei; Ehsan Saboory; Mehran Bahrami-Bukani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 96-103

Abstract
  Objective: To assess the effect of combination of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) with predatory stress on transected sciatic nerve regeneration in rats. Methods: In sham- operated group (SOG) the nerve was manipulated and left intact. The 10-mm rat sciatic nerve gap was created in rats. In transected ...  Read More

6. Recognizing Sudden Cardiac Arrest May Require More Than Two Questions during Telephone Triage: Developing a Complementary Checklist

Amir Mirhaghi; Hojjat Shafaee; Javad Malekzadeh; Farzaneh Hasanzadeh

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 104-109

Abstract
  Objective: To develop decision-support tools to identify patients experiencing sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).Methods: Eighty calls related to SCA were content analyzed, and the contextual patterns that emerged were organized into a checklist. Two researchers independently analyzed the recorded calls and ...  Read More

7. Effects of Pre-Injury Anti-Platelet Agents on Short-Term Outcome of Patients with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Cohort Study

Davood Farsi; Parviz Karimi; Mani Mofidi; Babak Mahshidfar; Mahdi Rezaei; Peyman Hafezimoghadam; Saeed Abbasi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 110-115

Abstract
  Objective: To determine the effects of pre-injury consumption of anti-platelet agents on the 30-day outcomes of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted at three general hospitals in Tehran, Iran between July 2013 and July 2014. The study population ...  Read More

8. Risk Factors of Road Traffic Accidents Associated Mortality in Northern Iran; A Single Center Experience Utilizing Oaxaca Blinder Decomposition

Faranak Sherafati; Enayatollah Homaie-Rad; Abolhassan Afkar; Ramin Gholampoor Sigaroodi; Soheil Sirusbakht

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 116-121

Abstract
  Objectives: To investigate the differences in death after receiving emergency services in traffic accidents between urban and rural regions, and decompose factors of the gap in Langerood, Northern Iran.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Langrood, Northern Iran during a 1-year period ...  Read More

9. Knowledge and Attitude of Iranian Red Crescent Society Volunteers in Dealing with Chemical Attacks

Maryam Nadjafi; Siavash Hamzeh pour

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 122-128

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and preparedness of Mahabad Red Crescent Society volunteers in dealing with chemical attacks.Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 Red Crescent Society volunteers in Mahabad City, Iran, during 2014-2015.The knowledge of the ...  Read More

Case Report
10. Closing a Tracheal Defect with an Omental Pedicled Gastric Flap; A Technical Note

Holger Rupprecht; Marius Ghidau; Katharina Gaab

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 129-131

Abstract
  Due to an adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe with infiltration of the main bronchus a 49-years-old female patient underwent an upper bilobectomy with sleeve resection. After two completed chemotherapy bouts and signs of sepsis another thoracotomy was inevitable.  As a complicating factor a supracarinal, ...  Read More

Case Report
11. Postoperative Spontaneous Intussusception Caused by a Jejunal Peritoneal Cyst: A Case Report and Literature Review

Mahir Gachabayov

Volume 5, Issue 2 , April 2017, Pages 132-134

Abstract
  Postoperative intussusception in adults is an extremely rare clinical entity. Postoperative intussusception caused by a jejunal peritoneal cyst is even rarer. Etiopathogenesis of this clinical condition is not well understood. In the given case it seems to be a complication of prolonged contact of a ...  Read More