Review Article
2. Side Effects of Indomethacin in Refractory Post-traumatic Intracranial Hypertension: A comprehensive case study and review

Daniel Agustin Godoy; Pablo David Guerrero Suarez; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Mario Di Napoli

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 143-151

Abstract
  Intracranial hypertension (IH) is one of the final pathways of acute brain injury. In severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI), it independently predicts poor outcomes. Its control represents a key aspect of the management. Lack of response to conventional therapies signals a state of ‘’refractory IH’’, ...  Read More

3. Functional, Histopathological and Immunohistichemical Assessments of Cyclosporine A on Sciatic Nerve Regeneration Using Allografts: A Rat Sciatic Nerve Model

Amir Amniattalab; Rahim Mohammadi

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 152-159

Abstract
  Objectives: To study the functional, histopathological and immunohistochemical effect of cyclosporine A on sciatic nerve regeneration using allografts in a rat sciatic nerve model.Methods: Thirty male white Wistar rats were divided into three experimental groups (n = 10), randomly: Normal control group ...  Read More

4. Inferior Vena Cava Reconstruction by Gallbladder Patch: An Experimental Design

Hossein Hodjati; Sahar Sohrabi Nazari; Seifollah Dehghani Nazhvani; Mohammad Yasin Karami; Bita Geramizadeh

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 160-164

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the gallbladder for reconstruction of the inferior vena cava in a canine model.Methods: The experimental study was conducted on 5 dogs; an oval window with a diameter of (4×1 cm) was made in the inferior vena cava and then repaired using the autologous gallbladder ...  Read More

5. Efficacy and Safety of Combination Therapy with Ketorolac and Morphine in Patient with Acute Renal Colic; A Triple-Blind Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Hamed Amini Ahidashti; Farzad Bozorgi; Iraj Goli Khatir; Seyed Hosein Montazer; Fatemeh Jahanian; Mehran Amooei Khanabbasi

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 165-170

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the efficacy of combination therapy with ketorolac and morphine with monotherapy with each in patients with acute renal colic.  Methods: This triple-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted during a 6-month period from March to September 2014 in Northern Iran. We included ...  Read More

6. A Multi Agent Based Approach for Prehospital Emergency Management

Reza Safdari; Jaleh Shoshtarian Malak; Niloofar Mohammadzadeh; Azimeh Danesh Shahraki

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 171-178

Abstract
  Objective: To demonstrate an architecture to automate the prehospital emergency process to categorize the specialized care according to the situation at the right time for reducing the patient mortality and morbidity.Methods: Prehospital emergency process were analyzed using existing prehospital management ...  Read More

7. Comparison of the Results of Early Excision and Grafting between Children and Adults; A Prospective Comparative Study

Mehdi Ayaz; Abdolkhalegh Keshavarzi; Hamid Bahadoran; Peyman Arasteh; Sam Moslemi

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 179-183

Abstract
  Objectives:  To compare the outcomes of early excision and grafting between pediatric and adult patients with deep burns of less than 40% total body surface area burns (TBSA).Methods: This is a prospective comparative study. Overall, 106 patients admitted to Ghotbodin Burn Center in Shiraz, Iran from ...  Read More

8. Determinants of Mortality and the Lethal Area 50 Index (LA50) in Burn Patients Admitted to a Large Burn Center; A Single Center Experience

Shahab Shahabi Shahmiri; Mohsen Kolahdouzan; Ara Omrani; Mehdi Khazaei; Hamid Salehi; Abbas Motevalian; Rastin Mohammadi Mofrad; Mohammad Taghi Rezaei; Helia Hemmasian

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 184-189

Abstract
  Objectives: To investigate the determinants of mortality and the lethal area 50 (LA50) in large series of Iranian burn patients admitted to a single burn center.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Shahid Motahari burn center of Tehran, Iran during a 1-year period from 2011 to 2012. We ...  Read More

9. Outcome Determinants of Decompressive Craniectomy in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury; A Single Center Experience from Southern Iran

Hosseinali Khalili; Amin Niakan; Fariborz Ghaffarpasand; Arash Kiani; Reza Behjat

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 190-196

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the determinants of outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) undergoing decompressive craniectomy (DC) in a large level I trauma center in southern Iran.Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted during an 18-month period from 2013 to 2014 in ...  Read More

10. Psycho-social and Mental Variables and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Traffic Accident Survivors in Northern Iran

Naema khodadadi-hassankiadeh; Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri; Hooman Shahsavari; Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok; Hamid Haghani

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 197-205

Abstract
  Objective: To assess the psycho-social and mental variables associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a series of Iranian patients.Methods: A total of 528 eligible accident survivors in pre-sampling of a randomized controlled trial targeting PTSD were included in this cross-sectional study. ...  Read More

11. Otolaryngological Presentations in Times of Terror: Profile from a Tertiary Health Center in North-Central Nigeria

Adeyi A. Adoga; Daniel D. Kokong; Kenneth N. Ozoilo

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 206-211

Abstract
  Objectives: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks.Methods: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting ...  Read More

Case Report
12. Severe Thoracic Trauma Due to an Intrathoracic Dislocation of a Fractured Humeral Head in an Aged Patient; A Case Report

Holger Rupprecht; Marius Ghidau; Katharina Gaab

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 212-214

Abstract
  Fracture and intrathoracic dislocation of the humeral head are extremely rare and often the result of a severe trauma. We herein report a case of humeral head fracture and dislocation with displacement into the chest cavity. A 75-year-old man fell down the stairs at home, landing on the right half of ...  Read More

Case Report
13. Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome during Recovery from Hypovolemic Acute Kidney Injury after Trauma; Case Report and Literature Review

Richa Aggarwal; Anudeep Saxena; Kapil Soni

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, Pages 215-218

Abstract
  Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinicoradiological entity characterized by neurological symptoms. It is associated with various conditions like hypertension, renal diseases and use of cytotoxic agents. It occurs more often in adults than children. PRES has been described ...  Read More