Review Article
1. A Productive Proposed Search Syntax for Health Disaster Preparedness Research

Behnaz Rastegarfar; Ali Ardalan; Saharnaz Nejat; Abbasali Keshtkar; Mohammad Javad Moradian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 93-98

Abstract
  Objective: To find a proper search strategy to do a systematic review related to preparedness for disasters.Methods: MeSH and Emtree terms were searched to detect synonyms for two main search terms “disaster” and “preparedness”. Expert opinion on the synonyms was examined applying ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Size Estimation of Under-Reported Suicides and Suicide Attempts Using Network Scale up Method

Mehdi Moradinazar; Farid Najafi; Mohammad Reza Baneshi; Ali Akbar Haghdoost

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 99-104

Abstract
  Objective: To estimate (under reporting) UR of SDS (Suicide deaths) and SAS (suicide attempts) in Kermanshah Province which is among provinces with high suicide rate in Iran.Methods: For estimating the size of UR suicide death registers, all cases of SAS and suicide deaths were retrieved from forensic ...  Read More

Original Article
3. The Feasibility of Increasing Hospital Surge Capacity in Disasters through Early Patient Discharge

Sima Feizolahzadeh; Aliakbar Vaezi; Ali Taheriniya; Masoud Mirzaei; Mohammadreza Vafaeenasab; Davoud Khorasani-zavareh

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 105-111

Abstract
  Objective: Hospitals are expected to be able to provide quality services during disasters. However, hospital capacity is limited and most hospital beds are almost always occupied. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of increasing hospital surge capacity during disasters through identification ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Game versus Lecture-Based Learning in Disaster Risk Education; An Experience on Shiraz High School Students

Mohamad Javad Moradian; Zahra Mehraein Nazdik

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 112-117

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the effect of lecture and game methods in disaster risk education on high school students' knowledge.Methods: This research was a randomized field trial of educational intervention for high school’s students in Shiraz, Iran. Through cluster sampling, the 332 students ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Comparison of Ketamine-Propofol and Ketamine-Thiopental on Bispectral Index Values during Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC) in Minor Traumatic Orthopedic Surgery; A Randomized, Double-Blind, Clinical Trial

Afsaneh Nowroozi; Hanieh Kianipour; Houshang Taleby; Bijan Yazdi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 118-123

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the effects of ketamine-propofol and ketamine-thiopental on bispectral index values during monitored anesthesia care in minor orthopedic surgeries.Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial was performed on 90 patients undergoing minor orthopedic surgeries. Participants ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Efficacy of Simultaneous Administration of Nimodipine, Progesterone, and Magnesium Sulfate in Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Ali Abdoli; Farshid Rahimi-Bashar; Saadat Torabian; Sepideh Sohrabi; Hamid Reza Makarchian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 124-129

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous administration of nimodipine, progesterone, magnesium sulfate in patients suffering from severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods: Overall, 90 patients with blunt head trauma who were admitted to the Besat hospital, Hamadan University ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Effects of Epidural Needle Rotation on Evolution of Unilateral Epidural Block and Patients’ Hemodynamics beside Recovery Profile in Patients Undergoing Arthroscopic Knee Surgeries; A Randomized Clinical Trial

Behnam Hosseini; Faramarz Mosaffa; Shideh Dabir; Hamed Tanghatari; Mehrdad Taheri

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 130-136

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the evolution pattern of epidural block after rotating the needle tip 45° to the operative side and evaluate its effects on patients’ hemodynamics and recovery profile in those undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery.Methods: Forty participants were randomly subdivided into ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Cervical Epidural Steroid Injection: Parasagittal versus Midline Approach in Patients with Unilateral Cervical Radicular Pain; A Randomized Clinical Trial

Masoud Hashemi; Payman Dadkhah; Mehrdad Taheri; Kasra Dehghan; Rohollah Valizadeh

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 137-143

Abstract
  Objective: To compare parasagittal interlaminar cervical epidural steroid injection (PSIL-CESI) and the classic midline interlaminar cervical epidural steroid injection (MIL-CESI) in terms of pain relief and functional improvement in patients with unilateral upper extremity radicular pain.Methods: This ...  Read More

Original Article
9. Lumbar Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection in Patients with Lumbar Radicular Pain; Outcome Results of 2-Year Follow-Up

Masoud Hashemi; Payman Dadkhah; Mehrdad Taheri; Mahshid Ghasemi; Ali Hosseinpour

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 144-149

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of transforaminal lumbar epidural steroid injections (TFESI) in patients with unilateral radiculopathy due to lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion regarding pain intensity, functional disability, current opioid intake and patients’ satisfaction.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Unilateral Epidural Blockade for Lower Limb Fracture Surgery: Parasagittal Epidural Versus Midline Epidural Anesthesia

Masoud Hashemi; Payman Dadkhah; Mehrdad Taheri; Sirous Momenzadeh; Tahereh Parsa; Behnam Hosseini; Mohammadreza Abbasian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 150-155

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the efficacy of parasagittal interlaminar (PIL) and midline interlaminar (MIL) approaches for epidural block in patients with lower limb orthopedic surgery. Methods: This double-blind randomized clinical trial was performed on 40 patients undergoing tibial shaft fracture surgery. ...  Read More

Original Article
11. Three Dimensional Quality Assessments of Applied Pelvic Binders

Peyman Bakhshayesh; David Hullberg Risling; Anders Enocson

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 156-161

Abstract
  Objective: To assess the quality of applied pelvic binders using three dimensional computer tomography (3D CT).Methods: A local trauma registry was used to identify patients with pelvic fractures after high-energy trauma during 2011-2015. A 3D CT reconstruction was made from the initial trauma computer ...  Read More

Original Article
12. Trampoline Park Injuries and Their Burden on Local Orthopaedic and Emergency Services

Stevan J. Jordan; Roozbeh Shafafy; Amelia E. Davidson; Christopher J. To; Kathryn Gill; Matthew C. Solan

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 162-168

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the incidence of trampoline park injuries (TPIs) at a local recreational facility and to quantify the burden on emergency and orthopaedic services at our institute.Methods: All patients that presented to the Emergency Department (ED) from the trampoline park via ambulance from ...  Read More

Original Article
13. Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing for Treatment of Pediatric Femoral Fractures; A 15-Year Single Centre Experience

Zenon Pogorelic; Tonći Vodopić; Miro Jukić; Dubravko Furlan

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 169-175

Abstract
  Objective: To analyze outcomes of treatment and complications in children treated with elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) due to femoral fracture.Methods: From May 2002 until May 2018 case records of 103 patients (76 male and 27 female), with median age of 9 (range, 3-17) and follow-up of 92 ...  Read More

Original Article
14. Pattern of Maxillofacial Injuries and Determinants of Outcome in a Large Series of Patients admitted to a Level-I Trauma Center

Mahnaz Yadollahi; Mojgan Behzadi Seyf-abadi; Forough Pazhuheian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 176-182

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the severity of injuries and the pattern of jaw and facial injuries in trauma patients and also to determine the predictors of the outcome in these patients.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2697 patients with facial trauma who referred to trauma center in ...  Read More

Case Report
15. Arc of Buhler Pseudoaneurysm Causing Fatal Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage; A Rare Case Report and Discussion of Relevant Literature

Saptarshi Biswas; Shekhar Gogna

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 183-186

Abstract
  Identification of any variant anatomy prior to surgery is as essential as having knowledge of normal anatomy. These surprises bring on many challenges along with as they can be fatal. We encountered a case of patient who succumbed down to an unrecognized rare mesenteric vasculature variant known as “Arc ...  Read More

Case Report
16. Traumatic Bilateral Luxatio Erecta from a Sliding Injury Down a Ladder; A Rare Case Report and Literature Review

Saptarshi Biswas; Ronald Peirish

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 187-191

Abstract
  Bilateral inferior shoulder dislocations also known as luxatio erecta is an extremely rare injury that is commonly complicated with injuries to the humeral head, glenoid, clavicle, scapula, rotator cuff, capsule, ligaments, brachial plexus, axillary artery and vein.  Our patient is a 66-year-old ...  Read More

Case Report
17. Prone Positioning for Management of Fat Embolism Syndrome in a Patient with Spine Fracture; An Unusual Scenario and Review of Literature

Abhay Tyagi; Richa Aggarwal; Kapil Dev. Soni; Anjan Trikha

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 192-195

Abstract
  Fat embolism syndrome is a rare but fatal complication seen commonly in patients with polytrauma. Its earliest manifestation is hypoxemia due to deposition of fat globules in pulmonary circulation which can progress to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, the treatment of which is mainly supportive. ...  Read More

Case Report
18. Conservative Management of Postpartum HELLP Syndrome and Intraparenchymal Liver Hematoma; A Case Report

Manouchehr Ghorbanpour; Hamid Reza Makarchian; Babak Yousefi; Mehrdad Taghipour

Volume 7, Issue 2 , April 2019, Pages 196-198

Abstract
  The HELLP syndrome is an important variant of pre-eclampsia which is known by triad of hemolysis (H), elevated liver enzymes (EL) and low platelet count (LP). Intraparenchymal liver hematoma is a rare and important complication of HELLP syndrome which is a life threatening condition. The incidence of ...  Read More