Review Article
Speed Management Strategies; A Systematic Review

Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani; Mohammad Saadati

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 126-133

  Objective: To systematically identify the various methods of speed management and their effects. Methods: A systematic search was performed in Science Direct, Ovid Medline, Scopus, PubMed and ProQuest databases from April to June 2015. Hand searching and reference of selected articles were used to improve ...  Read More

Effects of Platelet Rich Plasma on Healing Rate of Long Bone Non-union Fractures: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial

Fariborz Ghaffarpasand; Mostafa Shahrezaei; Maryam Dehghankhalili

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 134-140

  Objective: To determine the effects of platelet rich plasma PRP on healing rates of long bone non-union fracture.Method: This was a randomized double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial being performed in a 12-month period. We included 75 adult (>18 years) patients suffering from long bone (Femur, ...  Read More

Assessment of Neuroprotective Effects of Local Administration of 17- Beta- Estradiol on Peripheral Nerve Regeneration in Ovariectomized Female Rats

Ahmadreza Nobakhti-Afshar; Alireza Najafpour; Rahim Mohammadi; Leila Zarei

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 141-149

  Objective: To assess the neuroprotective effects of local administration of 17- beta- estradiol on nerve regeneration.Methods: Sixty female Wistar rats were overiectomized and divided into four experimental groups (n = 15), randomly: In autograft group a segment of sciatic nerve was transected and re-implanted ...  Read More

Thorax Trauma Severity Score: Is it reliable for Patient’s Evaluation in a Secondary Level Hospital?

Isidro Martínez Casas; María Auxiliadora Amador Marchante; Mihai Paduraru; Ana Isabel Fabregues Olea; Andreu Nolasco Bonmatí; Juan Carlos Medina

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 150-155

  Objective: To determine the predictive and diagnostic value of thorax trauma severity score (TTSS) in a population of thoracic trauma patients admitted to a secondary level trauma center.Methods: A Retrospective analysis of patients admitted over a period of two years with IDC-9 codes related to thoracic ...  Read More

Effects of Intraperitoneal Administration of Simvastatin in Prevention of Postoperative Intra-abdominal Adhesion Formation in Animal Model of Rat

Mojtaba Javaherzadeh; Ali Shekarchizadeh; Marjan Kafaei; Abass Mirafshrieh; Nariman Mosaffa; Babak Sabet

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 156-160

  Objective: To determine the preventive effects of local administration of simvastatin for postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation in animal model of rat.Methods: In this experimental study, 32 Wistar albino rats as the animal model of intra-abdominal adhesion formation were included. Adhesions ...  Read More

Case Report
Cisternostomy for Management of Intracranial Hypertension in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury; Case Report and Literature Review

Mohammad Sadegh Masoudi; Elahe Rezaee; Hasan Ali Hakiminejad; Maryam Tavakoli; Tayebe Sadeghpoor

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 161-164

  Main goal in the management of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is control of intracranial pressure (ICP). Decompressive craniectomy is an accepted technique for control of refractory intracranial hypertension in patients with severe TBI. Because of high complication rate after decompressive ...  Read More

Case Report
Ketamine Infusion Therapy as an Alternative Pain Control Strategy in Patients with Multi-Trauma including Rib Fracture; Case Report and Literature Review

Ashley K Losing; Justin M Jones; Adis Keric; Steven E Briggs; David D Leedahl

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 165-169

  Ketamine is a promising alternative agent for pain control that offers benefit to traditional strategies, particularly in the setting of rib fracture. Current pharmacologic therapies have clear adverse effects, and other options may be invasive, cost prohibitive, or marginally effective. We describe ...  Read More

Case Report
Traumatic Retrolisthesis of L5 and L5/S1 Extruded Disc Herniation; A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Babak Pourabbas; Mohammad Ali Effani; Asghar Namdari

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 170-173

  Traumatic retrolisthesis is a rare injury and may result in intervertebral disc extrusion and nerve root injury. These injuries are highly unstable and require surgery for decompression and stabilization. Traumatic retrolisthesis of L5 with acute L5/S1 disc extrusion associated with nerve root injury ...  Read More

Case Report
Community Acquired Spondylodiscitis caused by Escherichia Coli; Case Report and Literature Review

F Javier Fonseca del Pozo; Joaquín Valle Alonso; Miguel Ángel Caracuel Ruiz; Siyamini Vythilingam; Daniel Lopez Ruiz

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2016, Pages 174-179

  Vertebral osteomyelitis, or spondylodiscitis, is a rare disease with increasing prevalence in recent years due to a greater number of spinal surgical procedures, nosocomial bacteraemia, an aging population and intravenous drug addiction. Haematogenous infection is the most common cause of spondylodiscitis. ...  Read More