1. Pattern and Distribution of Shock Index and Age Shock Index Score Among Trauma Patients in Towards Improved Trauma Care Outcomes (TITCO) Dataset

Prashant Bhandarkar; Ashok Munivenkatappa; Nobhojit Roy; Vineet Kumar; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Amit Agrawal

Volume 6, Issue 4 , October 2018, , Pages 313-317

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the shock index (SI – which is the ratio of heart rate to systolic blood pressure) and Age SI (Age in years multiplied by SI) with survival outcome of the patients across multicenter trauma registry in India.Methods: Study is based on Towards Improved Trauma Care Outcomes ...  Read More

2. Delayed Progressive Intraparenchymal Tension Pneumocephalus after Craniotomy for Recurrent Pituitary Macroadenoma: A Case Report

Samer S. Hoz; Khatab Baban; Mohamad Sabah; Awfa Aktham; Alexis Rafael Narvaez-Rojas; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar

Volume 6, Issue 2 , April 2018, , Pages 174-177

Abstract
  Pneumocephalus is defined as the presence of air in the intracranial cavity. In most cases, its evolution is asymptomatic and benign. Pneumocephalus post-surgery is a frequent complication of cranial surgery. We herein report delayed tension pneumocephalus after craniotomy for pituitary macroadenoma. ...  Read More

3. Side Effects of Indomethacin in Refractory Post-traumatic Intracranial Hypertension: A comprehensive case study and review

Daniel Agustin Godoy; Pablo David Guerrero Suarez; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Mario Di Napoli

Volume 5, Issue 3 , July 2017, , Pages 143-151

Abstract
  Intracranial hypertension (IH) is one of the final pathways of acute brain injury. In severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI), it independently predicts poor outcomes. Its control represents a key aspect of the management. Lack of response to conventional therapies signals a state of ‘’refractory IH’’, ...  Read More

4. Craniocerebral Gunshot Injuries; A Review of the Current Literature

Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Andres M. Rubiano; Amit Agrawal; Alejandro Rojas; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Guru Dutta Satyarthee; Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda; Nidia Escobar Hernandez; Nasly Zabaleta-Churio

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2016, , Pages 65-74

Abstract
   Craniocerebral gunshot injuries (CGI) are increasingly encountered by neurosurgeons in civilian and urban settings. Unfortunately, more   prevalent condition in developing countries, with major armed conflicts which is still persisting, since the main trigger is violence at the national or state ...  Read More

5. Post-Traumatic Balint's Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda; Zenen Antonio Carmona-Meza; Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Nasly Zabaleta Churio; Gabriel Alcalá-Cerra; Andrés M. Rubiano

Volume 4, Issue 2 , April 2016, , Pages 113-115

Abstract
   Balint’s syndrome is a rare neurological disorder associated with bilateral parieto-occipital damage which was described by Rezsö Bálint in 1909.The syndrome is manifested clinically by the presence of a hemispatial negligence. The lesion is usually inside parietooccipital region bilaterally in ...  Read More

6. Severe Cranioencephalic Trauma: Prehospital Care, Surgical Management and Multimodal Monitoring

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Andres M. Rubiano; Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Willem Calderon-Miranda; Gabriel Alcala-Cerra; Marco Antonio Blancas Rivera; Amit Agrawal

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 8-23

Abstract
  Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of death in developed countries. It is estimated that only in the United States about 100,000 people die annually in parallel among the survivors there is a significant number of people with disabilities with significant costs for the health system. It has been ...  Read More

7. Symptomatic Chiari Malformation with Syringomyelia after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Case Report

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Nasly Zabaleta-Churio; Gabriel Alcala-Cerra; Andres M. Rubiano; Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda; Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Amit Agrawal

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 58-61

Abstract
  Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is a congenital disorder, which is basically a tonsillar herniation (≥ 5 mm) below the foramen magnum with or without syringomyelia. The real cause behind this malformation is still unknown. Patients may remain asymptomatic until they engender a deteriorating situation, ...  Read More

8. Bilateral Traumatic Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage Associated With Epidural Hematoma: Case Report and Literature Review

Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda; Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Gabriel Alcala-Cerra; Andres M Rubiano; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar

Volume 2, Issue 3 , July 2014, , Pages 130-132

Abstract
  Traumatic basal ganglia hematoma is a rare condition defined as presence of hemorrhagic lesions in basal ganglia or adjacent structures suchas internal capsule, putamen and thalamus. Bilateral basal ganglia hematoma are among the devastating and rare condition. We herein report a 28-year old man, a ...  Read More

9. Fatal Massive Cerebral Infarction in a Child after Mild Brain Trauma: A Case Report and Literature Review

Willen Guillermo Calderon-Miranda; Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Andres M. Rubiano; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2014, , Pages 96-98

Abstract
  Traumatic brain injury is a common entity. However cerebral infarction in infants is a rare entity while the diagnosis of this pathology in the pediatric population is usually difficult. The mild head trauma is rarely accompanied by intracranial injury and even less, with cerebral infarction. We herein ...  Read More

10. Intravenous Fluid Therapy in Traumatic Brain Injury and Decompressive Craniectomy

Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Sandra Milena Castellar-Leones; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2014, , Pages 3-14

Abstract
  The patient with head trauma is a challenge for the emergency physician and for the neurosurgeon. Currently traumatic brain injury constitutes a public health problem. Knowledge of the various supportive therapeutic strategies in the pre-hospital and pre-operative stages is essential for optimal care. ...  Read More

11. Brain Infarction: Rare Neurological Presentation of African Bee Stings

Hernando Raphael Alvis-Miranda; Nancy Carolina Duarte-Valdivieso; Gabriel Alcala-Cerra; Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2014, , Pages 59-61

Abstract
  Bee stings are commonly encountered worldwide. Various manifestations after bee sting have been described including local reactions which are common, systemic responses such as anaphylaxis, diffuse intravascular coagulation and hemolysis. We report a case of a 74-year-old man who developed neurologic ...  Read More