Review Article
1. Drug Related Hospital Admissions; A Systematic Review of the Recent Literatures

Mohammed Biset Ayalew; Henok Getachew Tegegn; Ousman Abdela

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 339-346

Abstract
  Objective: To derive findings from different studies done on drug related hospital admissions and comprehensively express the incidence and preventability of drug related hospital admissions; identify the common types of drug related problems that caused hospital admission, and identify factors associated ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Development and Validation of a Nomogram for Predicting the Mortality after Penetrating Traumatic Brain Injury

Thara Tunthanathip; Suphak Udomwitthayaphiban

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 347-354

Abstract
  Objective: To determine the factors associated with mortality in penetrating brain injury (PTBI) and proposed the nomogram predicting the risk of death. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on all patients who had sustained PTBI between 2009 and 2018. Collected data included clinical characteristics, ...  Read More

Original Article
3. The Outcome Analysis and Complication Rates of Tracheostomy Tube Insertion in Critically Ill Neurosurgical Patients; A Data Mining Study

Veldurti Ananta Kiran Kumar; Narayanam Sai Kiran; Valluri Anil Kumar; Amrita Ghosh; Ranabir Pal; Vishnu Vardhan Reddy; Amit Agrawal

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 355-360

Abstract
  Objectives: To assess the impact, timing, the intra and early post-operative complications and the survival outcome of tracheostomy in critically ill neurosurgery patients. Methods: This study was a retrospective data mining where data was collected from hospital records from 175 consecutive patients ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Procalcitonin and D-dimer for Predicting 28-Day-Mortality Rate and Sepsis Severity based on SOFA Score; A Cross-sectional Study

Zeinab Naderpour; Mehdi Momeni; Elnaz Vahidi; Javad Safavi; Morteza Saeedi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 361-365

Abstract
  Objective: To determine the possible relationship of procalcitonin (PCT) and D-dimer with the 28-day-mortality rate and severity of sepsis based on sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, patients were enrolled based on their signs and symptoms of ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Evaluation of the Effect of Titatnium Dioxide Nanoparticles/Gelatin Composite on Infected Skin Wound Healing; An Animal Model Study

Amin Nikpasand; mohammad reza parvizi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 366-372

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate effects of titanium dioxide /gelatin nanocomposite on wound healing in mice as a model study. Methods: Fifty male rats were randomized into five groups of ten animals each. In group I, 0.1 mL sterile saline 0.9% solution was added to the wounds with no infection.  In group ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Five-Year Forecasting Deaths Caused by Traffic Accidents in Fars Province of Iran

Mahnaz Yadollahi; Saeid Gholamzadeh

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 373-380

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of study was to conduct a time-based analysis to utilize the obtained knowledge for forecasting the trend of accidents in the future. Methods: The present study, which was conducted as a cross-sectional research, investigated deaths from traffic accidents in Fars Province during a ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Identification and Prioritization of Key Components Influencing Prehospital Emergency Related to Preventable Road Traffic Injuries Deaths in Iran; A Delphi Study

Adel Efftekhari; Abbas Ali Dehghani Tafti; Khadijeh Nasiriani; Majid Hajimaghsoudi; Hossein Fallahzadeh; Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 381-389

Abstract
  Objective: To identify and prioritize the key Components of prehospital emergency system to prevent mortality in road traffic injuries. Methods: A total of 25 emergency medicine practitioners, emergency ward nurses, and managers of prehospital emergency centers participated in this adjusted Delphi study ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Barriers to and Facilitators of Road Traffic Injuries Prevention in Iran; A Qualitative Study

Saber Azami-Aghdash; Hassan Abolghasem Gorji; Naser Derakhshani; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 390-398

Abstract
  Objective: To identify the barriers to and facilitators of the prevention of road traffic accidents (RTIs) in Iran. Methods: In this qualitative study 42 key stakeholders and experts in the field of traffic injuries in Iran were selected based on purpose and theoretical sampling to reach informational ...  Read More

Original Article
9. Socioeconomic Inequality in Self-immolation, between Genders; Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition, Results of Registration-Based Suicide Data

Sattar Kikhavani; Yousef Veisani; Fathola Mohamadian; Reza Valizadeh; Ali Delpisheh; Ghobad Moradi; Maryam Bagheri

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 399-403

Abstract
  Objective:  To assess the important socio-demographic inequalities in self-immolation in between genders. Methods: A cross-sectional study, 2011 to 2016, was conducted. A total of 540 completed suicides were recruited to the study.  Data were collected by systematic registration suicide data ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Results of a Campaign for Motorcycle Helmets Advocacy in a City in Southwest of Iran; A Population-Based Intervention Study

Ali Foroutan; Seyed Taghi Heydari; Mehran Karvar; Leila Mohammadi; Yaser Sarikhani; Maryam Akbari; Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 404-410

Abstract
  Objective: We conducted a triple phase project for motorcycle helmets advocacy in Darab, a city in southwest Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the project on decreasing the hazards of motorcycle accidents. Methods: Using a questionnaire,data for ICU admission rates, hospital costs ...  Read More

Case Report
11. Three-Stage Treatment of Transcalcaneal Talonavicular Fracture Dislocation; A Case Report and Literature Review

Amir Reza Vosoughi; mohammad Emami

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 411-415

Abstract
  Transcalcaneal talonavicular fracture dislocation is an extremely rare debilitating injury with high complication rates. The present case report demonstrates highly comminuted joint-depressed fracture of left calcaneus treated with primary subtalar arthrodesis following reduction and fixation of the ...  Read More

Case Report
12. Uncomplicated Wide Oblique Clivus Fracture, the First Case to be Included in the List of Classification; Report of the Case and Review of Literature

sina jelodar; Ahmad Pourrashidi; Abbas Amirjamshidi

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 416-419

Abstract
  Sheno-occipital diastasis happens more frequently in children and is accompanied with neural and vascular injuries leading to a high rate of mortality. We present a rare type of clival fracture in a 21 years old man who could survive without any deficit even though the fracture extended widely from left ...  Read More

Case Report
13. Aneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery Misdiagnosed as Cervical Paraganglioma; A Case Report and Literature Review

Hossein Hodjati; Hamed Ghoddusi Johari; Bizhan Khademi; Abdolkarim Rahmanian; Abtin Vahidi; Maryam Dehghankhalili

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 420-423

Abstract
  The aneurysms of the extracranial segment of the internal carotid artery are not common and are associated with severe neurologic deficits. They could be misdiagnosed with several lesion of the cervical region. We herein report a case of internal carotid artery aneurysm misdiagnosed as paraganglioma. ...  Read More

Case Report
14. From Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma; A Rare Case Report of Nasopharyngeal Mass

Saleh Mohebbi; Mohammad Aghajanpour

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 424-426

Abstract
  Nasopharyngeal masses in young males, first of all presumes Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA) in the mind, but other benign or malignant tumors should be considered for successful and adequate management of patients and also for minimizing morbidity from unnecessary interventions. We herein ...  Read More

Clinical Images
15. Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome in a Patient with a Phlycten

Neuza Soares; Ana Rita Parente; Clara Gomes; Rodrigo Pimentel

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 427-428

Abstract
  A 74-year-old female with diabetes mellitus type 2 was admitted to the emergency department due to fever, severe pain and oedema in her left forearm, with two days of evolution, after she has done gardening, but no clear history of trauma.  Read More

Letter to the Editor
16. How to Report Systematic Review Studies; A Critical Review of Some Methodological Issues and Recommendations to Consider When Conducting These Studies

Mehrdad Amir Behghadami; Ali Janati

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 429-430

Abstract
  Dear editor, Recently a study titled, “A Productive Proposed Search Syntax for Health Disaster Preparedness Research”, was worked by Rastegarfar et al. in the Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma [1]. First of all, we would like to thank the editors that help to appear review study. In addition, ...  Read More

Letter to the Editor
17. Search Strategy for Search Performance; Off-the-cuff or Being Sensitive

Mohammad Javad Moradian; Behnaz Rastegarfar; Ali Ardalan; Abbasali Keshtkar; Saharnaz Nejat

Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 431-432

Abstract
  Dear Editor, We appreciate the interest of the authors in our article entitled “A productive proposed search syntax for health disaster preparedness research”. They have rightly emphasized on the standard reporting of systematic reviews. However, as it is clear from the title and objective ...  Read More

Erratum
18. Erratum: Correction of mortality outcome parameter
Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 433-433

Abstract
  In the original article entitled “Prognostic Value of P-POSSUM and Osteopenia for Predicting Mortality After Emergency Laparotomy in Geriatric Patients”[1] which was published in July 2019 issue of the journal, there was an error in the specified mortality outcome in the manuscript. The published ...  Read More

Erratum
19. Erratum: Correction of the Authors’ List and Affiliations
Volume 7, Issue 4 , October 2019, Pages 434-434

Abstract
  In the original investigation entitled “Cervical Epidural Steroid Injection: Parasagittal versus Midline Approach in Patients with Unilateral Cervical Radicular Pain; A Randomized Clinical Trial.”[1] which was published in April 2019 issue of the journal, one author name has been unintentionally ...  Read More