Review Article
1. Cost-Effectiveness of Multifactorial Interventions in Preventing Falls among Elderly Population: A Systematic Review

Vahid Alipour; Saber Azami-Aghdash; Aziz Rezapour; Naser Derakhshani; Akbar Ghiasi; Neghar Yusefzadeh; Sanaz Taghizade; Sahar Amuzadeh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 159-168

Abstract
  Objective: To review the cost-effectiveness of multifactorial interventions preventing falls in elderly people. Methods: In this systematic review, the databases including PubMed via MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar (from 1st January 2000 to 30th February) ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Quality of Life after Motorcycle Traffic Injuries: A Cohort Study in Northwest of Iran

Leili Abedi Gheshlaghi; Hamid sharifi; Mehdi Noroozi; Mohsen Barouni; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 169-177

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the quality of life (QOL) of injured motorcyclists and associated factors in a period of three months after the accident. Methods: In the present study, we were included 190 injured motorcyclists who admitted to two referral specialized hospitals (Emam Reza and Shohada) in Tabriz, ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Characteristics and In-Hospital Outcomes of Pediatric Traumatic Spinal Injuries in A Referral Trauma Center

Hamid Rezaei; Ehsan Keykhosravi; Amin Tavallaii

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 178-182

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the characteristics and in-hospital outcomes of traumatic spinal injuries among children admitted to a local trauma center in Iran. Methods: Patients aged 0-18 years who had been admitted to Shahid Kamyab trauma center for acute traumatic spinal injury (Mashhad, Iran) between 2011 ...  Read More

Original Article
4. S100 Calcium-Binding Protein B and Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Patients with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Ali Meshkini; Amir Ghorbani; Zahra Hasanpour Segherlou; Masoud Nouri-Vaskeh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 183-187

Abstract
  Objective: To examine the GFAP and S100B ability in prevention unnecessary brain CT scan in mTBI and compare them with the single extremity fracture in orthopedic patients. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, two orthopedics patients’ groups and mTBI patients were studied to assess the biomarkers’ ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Prospective Observational Study of Early Tracheostomy Role in Operated Severe Head Injury Patients at A Level 1 Trauma Center

Rohit Bharti; Sindhu Sapru; Ponraj Kamatchi Sundaram; Ganesh Chauhan

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 188-194

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the impact of the early tracheostomy on operated patients with severe head injury. Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted at a level 1 trauma center and medical college over one-year period. The study included all surgically managed severe head injury patients ...  Read More

Original Article
6. The Epidemiology of Chemical Burns Among the Patients Referred to Burn Centers in Shiraz, Southern Iran, 2008–2018

Hosein Abbasi; Ali Dehghani; Ali Akbar Mohammadi; Tayyeb Ghadimi; Abdolkhalegh Keshavarzi

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 195-200

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the prevalence of chemical burns among the patients admitted to Shiraz burn treatment centers. Methods: It is a descriptive study that was conducted on 62 patients with chemical burns who were admitted between 2008 and 2018. The patients’ records were used in the research ...  Read More

Case Report
7. Term Spontaneous Heterotopic Pregnancy (Abdominal and Intrauterine): A Case Report

Mozhde Momtahan; Maryam Kasraeean; Azam Faraji; shaghayegh Moradi Alamdarloo; Mina Moosaie

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 201-203

Abstract
  Spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy is a potentially life-threatening condition rarely considered when a patient with an intrauterine pregnancy is asymptomatic or presents with complaints such as abdominal pain. An advanced abdominal pregnancy is even more unusual as the form of the ectopic component ...  Read More

Letter to the Editor
8. Sanctions or National Policies in COVID-19 Management in Iran: Which One is More Effective?!

Mahmoudreza Peyravi; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 9, Issue 4 , October 2021, Pages 204-205

Abstract
  The new corona disease (COVID-19) is very contagious and features a high risk of vast outbreak and infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global public health emergency condition on 30 January 2020 and a universal epidemic afterwards by given its rapid epidemic worldwide (1). Iran ...  Read More