Review Article
1. Instructional Programs Influencing the Enhancement of the Knowledge Required by Volunteers in Disasters: A Systematic Review

Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh; Rita Rezaee; Mahmoudreza Peyravi

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 105-117

Abstract
  Objective: To determine the instructional programs required by volunteers based on the studies carried out worldwide. Methods: A systematic search was carried out by PubMed, Cochran Library, Scopus, EMBASE, Science Direct, Web of Science and ProQuest databases between January 1970 and the end ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Direct Versus Video Laryngoscopy in Emergency Intubation: A Randomized Control Trial Study

Pitsucha Sanguanwit; Chaiyaporn Yuksen; Nishapa Laowattana

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 118-124

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the intubation success rate of the first attempt between Video Laryngoscopy (VDL) and Direct Laryngoscopy (DL) in the emergency department (ED). Methods: This is a study of a randomized control trial includes the patients with acute respiratory failure and the emergency ...  Read More

Original Article
3. COVID-19 Impact on the Doctor-Patient Relationship: Patient Perspectives on Emergency Physician Empathy and Communication

Sophia Aguirre; Kristen M. Jogerst; Zachary Ginsberg; Sandeep Voleti; Puneet Bhullar; Joshua Spegman; Taylor Viggiano; Jessica Monas; Douglas Rappaport

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 125-132

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate in how the current COVID-19 pandemic affects patient’s perceptions of emergency physician empathy and communication. Methods: Patients cared for by Emergency Department physicians with the lowest satisfaction scores were surveyed within one week of discharge via phone. ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Comparison of Anterior, Posterior, and Combined Surgical Approaches on the Outcomes of Patients Suffering from Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries

Hamid Rezaei; Ehsan Keykhosravi; Mojtaba Mashhadinejad; Masoud Pishjoo

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 133-137

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the radiological and clinical outcomes of different surgical approaches in cervical spinal trauma in northeastern of Iran. Methods: The present study was conducted retrospectively from January 2011 to December 2017 in Mashhad, Iran. The demographic characteristics, ...  Read More

Original Article
5. A Comparative Study of the Registry System effect on Patients Satisfaction Rate in Two Emergency Department Settings

Orhan Delice; Samad Shams Vahdati; Senol Arslan; Alireza Ala; Hossein Hosseinifar; Faride Houshmand; Solomon Habtemariam; Aysa Rezabakhsh

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 138-144

Abstract
  Objective: To assess the patient’s satisfaction rate during two distinct registry procedures in the emergency department. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in educational hospitals with a high volume of patient’s admission in Tabriz-Iran and Erzurum-Turkey. In this ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Maternal and Fetal Outcomes of Pregnant Women Infected with Coronavirus Based on Tracking the Results of 90-Days Data in Hazrat -E- Rasoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences

Shahla Chaichian; Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi; Shahla Mirgaloybayat; Neda Hashemi; Farahnaz Farzaneh; Roya Derakhshan; Samaneh Rokhgireh

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 145-150

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the maternal and fetal outcomes of COVID-19 up to three months after the delivery in pregnant women. Methods: This case series study was conducted on all pregnant women with COVID-19 hospitalized in Hazrat -E- Rasoul Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran from March 8, 2020 ...  Read More

Case Report
7. Management of Acute Coronary Syndrome Following Blunt Chest Trauma: A Case Report

Ee Lyn Chan; Jawaad Saleem Malik; Carlos Gomez

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 151-154

Abstract
  Blunt chest trauma is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome and can be masked by other injuries in polytrauma patients. It can have devastating consequences due to damage to the myocardial tissue if left unrecognized. Myocardial injury can result in life-threatening arrhythmias and complications ...  Read More

Letter to the Editor
8. How to Manage Disasters while Considering Responsibility to Protect Theory?

Hassan Esfandiar; Mahmoudreza Peyravi; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh; Hojatolah Najafi

Volume 9, Issue 3 , July 2021, Pages 155-157

Abstract
  Disasters are an integral part of human life, which have been grown increasingly in recent years. Disasters are divided into human-made and natural categories [1]. In this study, two cases are considered. One is deliberate human-made disasters in such conditions that human crimes or vicious crimes occur ...  Read More