Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Health Economics, Faculty of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Anesthesiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Research Center for Emergency and Disaster Resilience, Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran

4 Health Policy and Management Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

5 Research Center for Emergency and Disaster Resilience, Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

10.30476/beat.2024.102266.1507

Abstract

Objective: Trauma-related injuries are the leading cause of death and disability in the active population, with
devastating economic, health, and social consequences for nations. TThis study aimed to assess the economic
burden of injuries in Iran.
Methods: In this study, the economic impact of trauma in Iran in 2019 was estimated using a prevalence-based
approach. The prevalence was estimated based on available statistics in Iran and the GBD website. Direct
medical expenditures were calculated using a top-down approach. The cost of lost production due to injuries
and premature death was also estimated using the DALY value. Microsoft Excel 2019 and Stata software
version 13.0 were used for the analysis.
Results: In Iran, approximately 16,500,000 individuals were estimated to have sustained injuries in a single
year. The average direct medical expenses for each trauma patient were around $226. Fractures contributed
to 39% of the financial impact of trauma. The overall economic burden of trauma in Iran was calculated
to be $10,214,403,423. Approximately 66% of this economic burden was attributed to lost productivity and
premature death resulting from trauma, while direct medical costs made up 34%.
Conclusion: The economic burden of trauma in Iran is expected to significantly rise in the future. It may
be necessary to enhance awareness of injury-related mortality and disability, improve therapies, and expand
evidence-based interventions to reduce the economic impact of injuries.

Keywords