Document Type : Case Report


1 Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of General Surgery, Shiraz University of medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

4 General Practitioner, Yazd, Iran.



Peritoneal tuberculosis (PTB) is a rare subset of extrapulmonary tuberculosis which account for only 0.5-1% of all cases. PTB diagnosis can be challenging due to nonspecific clinical manifestations. We present a known case of pulmonary tuberculosis that admitted to the surgery ward due to the major complaint of abdominal pain since ten days before admission. In imaging studies, positive findings favoring mechanical obstruction were detected. There were also several hypodense lesions in the liver suggestive of visceral tuberculosis. An adhesion was noted during exploratory laparotomy prior to the ileocecal valve responsible for intestinal obstruction, which was released. Pathology reports of excised tissues were consonant with the PTB diagnosis. PTB diagnosis can be challenging because of its presentation. This can delay the treatment of patients and thus increase morbidity and mortality. As a result, physicians should always be aware of the PTB diagnosis in patients with nonspecific abdominal involvement.