Objectives: To evaluate the short-term outcome of open appendectomy, the rate of negative appendectomy as well as pathology reports after surgery in patients with suspected acute appendicitis.Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study being performed in Nemazee hospital affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Science during a 2-year period between 2008 and 2010. The medical records of all consecutive patients who underwent open appendectomy in our center due to acute appendicitis were included in the study. The elective and laparoscopic appendectomies were excluded. The demographic information, clinical findings, laboratory investigations and the histopathological examination of the appendix were recorded and reported.Results: A total of 337 patient including 137 (36.4%) females, and 240 (63.6%) males with the mean age of 16.26 ± 9.81 (range 3 to 76) years were stduied. Anorexia (64.7%) and fever (20.7%) were more prevalent symptoms. The mean duration between pain initiation and operation ranged from 0 to 14 days with mean 1.88 ± 1.63 days. Right lower quadrant (RLQ), periumbilical, epigastria, left lower quadrant (LLQ), and Right upper quadrant (RUQ), pain were manifest in 78.8%, 41.6%, 12.2%, 3.2%, and 1.3% of patients, respectively. Pathological evaluation of the appendix showed appendicitis in 70.4% of patients.Conclusion: The higher rate of negative appendectomy accounts for wasteful tapping of medical resources and causing further complication in patients. Therefore it is essential to conduct more accurate studies to detect the root cause of the disease. This would help improve the management of appendicitis which is an emergency condition with high incidence.