Review Article
1. Association of Social Determinants of Health and Road Traffic Deaths: A Systematic Review

Mina Saeednejad; Farideh Sadeghian; Mahsa Fayaz; Dennis Raphael; Rasha Atlasi; Amirmasoud Kazemzadeh Houjaghan; Raziyeh Abedi kichi; Mohammad Hossein Asgardoon; Hossein Zabihi Mahmoudabadi; Zahra Salamati; Zohrehsadat Naji; Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar; Payman Salamati

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: This study aims to review systematically the association of social determinants of health (SDH) and road traffic deaths (RTD) within scientific literature. Methods: A search strategy was designed and run in EMBASE, PubMed via MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane library. Through title, ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Civil-Military Coordination (CIMIC) Model in Natural Disasters in Iran

Hassan Araghizadeh; Mahmoudreza Peyravi; Simintaj Sharififar; Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: The present study aimed at codifying a native model of civil-military coordination (CIMIC) in natural disasters in Iran. Methods: This manuscript is a part of a larger study. The present cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019 using a two-stage Delphi technique. The factors confirmed by ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Differences in the Clinical Course of Acute Appendicitis in Geriatric Patient Groups

Sadettin Er; Sabri Özden; Umut Fırat Turan; Egemen Özdemir; Barış Saylam; Mesut Tez

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To compare the differences in the clinical course of acute appendicitis between early elderly (60-79 years) and late elderly patients (≥80 years). Method: The sample consisted of 177 patients aged over 60 that underwent surgery at the emergency service with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Developing and Validating a Measurement Tool to Self-report pedestrian Safety-related Behavior: The Pedestrian Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ)

Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani; Morteza Haghighi; Seyed Taghi Heydari; Hamid Soori; Forouzan Rezapour; Seyed Abbas Motevalian; Reza Tabrizi; Minoo Mohammadkhani

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Pedestrians are road users vulnerable to traffic injuries and fatalities. This study aimed to develop and validate a pedestrian behavior questionnaire to be used in Iran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the initial questionnaire was designed based on the evaluation of previous ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Factors Related to Delay In Initiating Post-Exposure Prophylaxis For Rabies Prevention Among Animal Bite Victims: A Cross-Sectional Study in Northwest of Iran

Ehsan Sarbazi; Mohamadreza Sarbazi; Saber Ghaffari-fam; Towhid Babazadeh; Sohrab Heidari; Khadijeh Aghakarimi; Ismail Jamal; Ali Sherini; Javad Babaie; Ghader Darghahi

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020

Abstract
  Objectives: The aim of the present study was identifying factors associated with h delayed initiation of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) among animal bite victims. Methods:This cross-sectional study assessed biting patterns among 3032 cases that were referred to Tabriz Rabies Center. The delay was described ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Mediating Role of Anxiety and Depression in the Relationship Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Aggression in Motor Vehicle Accident: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach

Fatemeh Sadat Asgarian; Mahshid Namdari; Hamid Soori

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: This study investigated the existence of anxiety and depression mediating effect on the relationship between PTSD and aggression in the hope of providing more comprehensive and effective trauma treatment in motor vehicle accident. Methods: The studied population of the study consisted of motor ...  Read More

Case Report
7. Isolated Pancreatic Tail Injury in Paediatrics; A Case Report and Literature Review

Nabil Muhammad Al Kuddoos; Ahmad Khaldun Ismail; Kevin Wong Chuing Shen; Nur Amirah Shibraumalisi; Asmil Yuzairi Yunus

Volume 8, Issue 4 , October 2020

Abstract
  Pancreatic injury in paediatrics is a rare condition and can be difficult to diagnose. The diagnostic challenge is due to its symptom of vague abdominal pain which usually results in late presentation. Elevated biochemical markers such as amylase and lipase can aid in the evaluation of pancreatic injury, ...  Read More