Editorials
1. Early Tracheostomy in Trauma Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome due to Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Fariborz Ghaffarpasand; Mohammad Reza Saki; Nazanin Dadashpour; Zahra Ghahramani; Shahram Paydar

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 133-134

Abstract
  The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019 [1, 2] and was rapidly spread all over the world, being announced as a pandemic on March 11th, 2020 by the World Health Organization ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Real-Time Visual Feedback Device Improves Quality Of Chest Compressions; A Manikin Study

Joao Augusto; Miguel Santos; Daniel Faria; Paulo Alves; David Roque; Jose; Morais; Victor Gil; Carlos Morais

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 135-141

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the impact of a real-time visual feedback device on CCs rate and depth delivered by healthcare professionals.Methods: In a simulated scenario a sensor was placed on a manikin’s chest and connected to a defibrillator which provided real-time visual feedback on the ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Comprehensive Analysis of Pediatric Supracondylar Fractures in the Emergency Department; A Single Center Experience

Jose Ramon Auso-Perez; Gloria Maria Rodríguez-Blanes

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 142-147

Abstract
  Objective: To describe the demographic characteristics and to assess possible risk factors related to the moment of presentation at Emergency Department (ED) for pediatric humeral supracondylar fractures. Methods: This was cross-sectional study being conducted during 5-year period from 2013 to 2017 at ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Prognosis of the Trauma Patients According to the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS); A Diagnostic Accuracy Study

Reza Hosseinpour; Amir Barghi; Saadat Mehrabi; Shirvan Salaminia; Paria Tobeh

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 148-155

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the prognosis and survival rates of a group of Iranian patients with traumatic injuries using the trauma and injury severity score (TRISS) model. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, all the patients with multi-trauma referring to the Yasuj Shahid Beheshti hospital during ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Effects of Foot Massage on Pain Severity during Change Position in Critically Ill Trauma Patients; A Randomized Clinical Trial

Khodayar Oshvandi; Zahra Veladati; Marzieh Mahmoodi; Farshid Rahimi Bashar; Azim azizi

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 156-162

Abstract
    Objective: To determine the effects of foot massage on pain severity during in unconscious trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: In this randomized clinical trial (RCT), 80 unconscious trauma patients admitted in the ICU of a hospital in an urban area of Iran were ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Association between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Driving Behaviors among Iranian Motorcyclists

Ali Akbary; Seyed Taghi Heydari; Yaser Sarikhani; Mehrdad Vossoughi; Reza Tabrizi; Maryam Akbari; Najmeh Movahhedian; Arash Mani; Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani; Tahereh Ostovar; Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 163-168

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) score and driving behaviors among motorcycle drivers in Iran. Methods: This multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted on 1747 motorcyclists in three cities of Iran. We used a random sampling method ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Evaluation of Beneficial Influence of Local Application of Crocus Pallasii Subsp. Haussknechtii Boiss. Extract on Healing of Full Thickness Excisional Infected Wounds in Diabetic Rats

Mohammad Ali Ashja Zadeh; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Amir Ahmad Salarian; Seyyed Reza Abtahi; Alireza Jahandideh

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 169-178

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the wound healing activity of Crocus pallasii subsp. haussknechtii boiss leaves extract on infected wounds in diabetic rats. Methods: Fifty male diabetic rats were randomized into two sets of 25 animals each. Each group was sub divided into five groups of five animals, each for ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Effects of Topical Sesame Oil Extracted from Tahini (Ardeh) on Pain Severity in Trauma Patients: A Randomized Double-Blinded Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

Maryam Gholami; Sedigheh Torabi Davan; Maryam Gholami; Shahram Boland Parvaz; Mehrnaz Gholami; Parisa Chamanpara; Leila Shayan

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 179-185

Abstract
  Objective: To investigate the effects of sesame oil extracted from tahini (Ardeh) on pain severity in patients with upper or lower limbs trauma. Methods: This double-blinded randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 120 patients with upper or lower trauma in Shahid Rajaee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, ...  Read More

Original Article
9. Utilization of the Parenteral Morphine in Emergency Department using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification/Defined Daily Doses (ATC/DDD) System

Farzad Bozorgi; Ebrahim Salehifar; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Siavash Moradi; Ghazaleh Janbazi; Aroona Chabra

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 186-192

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the utilization of the parenteral morphine in Emergency Department (ED) using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification/Defined Daily Doses (ATC/DDD) system. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, morphine administration was recorded in 4-year time period ...  Read More

Original Article
10. “Crown of Death”; Corona Mortis, a Common Vascular Variant in Pelvis: Identification at Routine 64-slice CT-Angiography

Rohit Bhoil; Neeti Aggarwal; Vineet Aggarwal; Mukesh Surya; Sanjiv Sharma; Ajay Kumar Alhuwalia; Sabina Bhoil; Surya Pratap Singh; Manveer Thakur; Siddharth Sood

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 193-198

Abstract
  Objective: To establish the incidence of arterial corona mortis variant in angiographic studies being performed using a 64 slice CT scan machine in a series of patients.Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study including 100 consecutive patients undergoing routineclinically indicated, ...  Read More

Brief Communication
11. Our Experience of Trauma Management During Novel Coronovirus 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic in a Busy Trauma Center in Southern Iran

Hossein Akbarialiabad; Hossein Aabdolrahimzadeh fard; Hamid Reza Abbasi; Shahram Bolandparvaz; Shahin Mohseni; Vahid Mehrnoush; Mina Salehi; Sima Roushenas; Shahram Paydar

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 199-201

Abstract
  During the past few months, the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly affected medical service provision. In Iran, it has caused around 197,000 inflictions and 9200 deaths up to June 18, 2020. While many departments turned to telehealth in this era, the trauma service should provide ...  Read More

Case Report
12. Broken Knife Blade Completely Penetrating the Humerus: A Case Report and Literature Review

Mauricio Gonzalez-Urquijo; Mario Zambrano Lara

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2020, Pages 202-204

Abstract
  We present a case of a 23-year-old male patient who presented with a blade knife completely wedged and penetrated on his humerus after a stab wound to his left upper extremity. On palpation, a foreign body was palpated under the skin on the deltoid area. The blade was stuck in the bone, so the surrounding ...  Read More