Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty Member of Preschool Department Tehran, IR

2 Social Work Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran , Iran

3 Master Of Educational Psychology Of Alzahra University , Tehran, Iran.

4 Phd of Psychology University of shahid beheshti Tehran, IR

5 Country Coordinating Mechanism Tehran, IR

Abstract

Objective: To identify the human factors contributing to traffic accidents with a special focus on psychosocial factors amongst young girls of Tehran, Iran.
Methods: In a descriptive study conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2013, 108 girls aged 18-24 were enrolled by using a stratified cluster sampling method. Participants filled a wide range of validated questionnaires about traffic psychology.
Results: The developed psychological model about behaviors of drivers’ factors as well as agreeable and aggressive personality trait with B coefficient of 0.25% and 0.37% were able to predict violation, driving style, perception of police laws, and off hook scheme and the mistrust with B coefficient of 0.33%, 0.23% and 0.28% in the level of 0.1 were able to predict violations and lapses of sample group, respectively. Extroversion with B coefficient of 0.27% also predicted unintentional violations of girls. B coefficient for perception of police laws was 0.22%. This was 0.25% for openness to experiences. Concerning driving accidents, the perception of
police rules has the highest predictability.
Conclusion: According to the results of the current research amongst girls in Tehran, a gender-sensitive interventional model can be designed for reduction of traffic accidents for this population group.

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